Competitive adsorption of pb (ii), ni (ii) and cu (ii) from aqueous solutions on thiourea spent grated coconut / Nur Najihah Dilah

Dilah, Nur Najihah (2017) Competitive adsorption of pb (ii), ni (ii) and cu (ii) from aqueous solutions on thiourea spent grated coconut / Nur Najihah Dilah. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)

Abstract

The potential of thiourea spent grated coconut (TSGC) as an adsorbent for the removal of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ ions from aqueous solutions in ternary system was investigated. The influence of pH, contact time and initial metal concentration were studied in batch experiments at room temperature (298 K). The TSGC used in this study was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and it was found that -DH, -NH2, -COO', C-O-C and C=S groups were present. Complexation was one of the main mechanisms for the removal of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ ions as indicated by FTIR spectra. The pHzpc value of the TSGC was 6.60 and the maximum adsorption for metal was found at pH 4. The adsorption was rapid at the first 5 minutes of contact, with the uptake of 72.89% for Cu2+ ions, 32.44% for Pb2+ ions and 16.19% for Ni2+ ions and equilibrium was attained in 60 min of agitation. Kinetic studies showed a good correlation coefficient for the pseudo second order kinetic model. Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the adsorption of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ ions onto TSGC. Langmuir model fitted the equilibrium data for Pb2+ and Cu2+ only with R2 > 0.95. The maximum adsorption capacities of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Ne+ ions determined from initial concentrations of 0.10 to 1.00 mmol/L were 0.3155, 1.3832 and 0.2370 mmol/g respectively, and in the sequence Cu2+ > Pb2+ > Ni2+. The heavy metal ions bound on TSGC were poorly desorbed using 0.10 M of HCl solutions. Based on FTIR spectra, isotherm and desorption studies, it can be concluded that the dominant mechanism was complexation and TSGC showed selective adsorption towards Cu2+ion.

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Metadata

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Dilah, Nur NajihahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 25807
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thiourea Spent Grated Coconut, FTIR spectroscopy, Isotherm, Desorption
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25807

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