Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of pall adium(ii)-l,3-bis[(4-chl orophenyl)methyl]-1- benzimidazolium bromide complex in heck reaction / Nina Natasha Md Sani

Md Sani, Nina Natasha (2017) Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of pall adium(ii)-l,3-bis[(4-chl orophenyl)methyl]-1- benzimidazolium bromide complex in heck reaction / Nina Natasha Md Sani. [Student Project] (Submitted)

Abstract

Homogeneous catalysis has through a new development in the organometallic complexes application as a catalyst. This organometallic catalyst can increase the economic viability of the country by doing some innovation on homogeneous process in chemical reaction. This research report on the synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of 1,3-Bis[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-1-Benzimidazolium Bromide (NHC ligand) and Pd(Il)- l ,3bis-[ ( chlorophenyl)methyl ]-1-benzimidazolium Bromide complex (Pd(II)-NHC). The synthesize NHC ligand containing NHC's functionality was prepared by the reaction of benzimidazole and 4- chlorobenzylbromide. The targeted complexation were produce by reacting together NHC ligand with PdCh. All products were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), CHN elemental analysis, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Ultraviolet-Visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis). In CHN,the experimental result for both NHC ligand and Pd(Il)-NHC complex almost similar with its calculation result and this result was accepted. The changes stretching frequency in FTIR from lower to higher shows that the complexation with Pd metal are occurs. The number of expected hydrogen and carbon can be observed by using NMR. The important peak of H-1 in I H NMR was disappeared after complexation. The changes of chemical shift at C-1 shows that the carbon carbene was successfully attached with metal. The UV graph shows disappearance and shifted to 282 nm of PdCh maximum absortion peak after complexation to form Pd(II)-NHC complex. The result that come out from the CHN, FTIR, NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopy was confirmed that targeted compound which is Pd(Il)-NHC complex are successfully synthesized. The catalytic performance of the Pd(Il)-1,3-bis[ ( 4- chlorophenyl)methyl]-1-benzimidazolium Bromide complex were studied in Heck C-C coupling reaction by using 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene and styrene as a starting material. The product has been characterized by FTIR and the catalytic activity was determined by using GC-FID. Effect of catalyst loading and effect of time were used as a parameter to observed changes in conversion rate and selectivity. The experimental result was showed at 0.5 mmol % of catalyst loading with 124 turnover number (TON) and at 130 °C in 60 minutes was achieved an excellent catalytic activity.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Md Sani, Nina NatashaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions > Catalysis
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 25599
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity, of pall adium(ii)-l,3-bis[(4-chl orophenyl)methyl]-1- benzimidazolium bromide complex in heck reaction, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25599

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