Neutralization of highly acidic crude oil utilizing 2-methylimidazole in polyethylene glycol solution / Nur Syafiqah Afiqah Ishak

Ishak, Nur Syafiqah Afiqah (2019) Neutralization of highly acidic crude oil utilizing 2-methylimidazole in polyethylene glycol solution / Nur Syafiqah Afiqah Ishak. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The naphthenic acids (NA) compound occurs naturally in the acidic crude oil and caused corrosion problem in refinery processing. Variuos method can be used to reduce the NAs concentration of acidic petroleum crude either by using catalytic decarboxylation, dilution or caustic washing but all these methods has its own drawbacks. The objective of this study is to reduce TAN value of crude oil by neutralization process using catalyst and reagents. The TAN value can be determined when testing on crude oil sample with various parameters such as catalysts calcination temperature, catalyst loading and reagent concentration. The acid removal agent used is a mixture of 10% 2-methylimidazole in PEG with reagent concentration of 100, 500, 1000 and 1500 ppm. Calcium was chosen as a base for the catalyst while Cu and Ni were used as a dopant. The potential catalyst was characterized by FTIR and TGA-DTG for its physical and chemical characteristic. The alumina supported catalysts were prepared at different calcination temperature of 800°C, 900°C and 1000°C. The FTIR results showed that the CH-stretching of both catalysts after reaction might come from the PEG reagent for impurities occurred around 1437.96-2921.9 cm-I . TGA-DTG thermogram showed a complete formation of metal oxide occurred at 670°C. Total weight loss for Cu/Ca and Ni/Ca (l0:90)/AI203 are 24.76% and 25.70% respectively. By using a catalyst with calcination temperature 1000°C, 7 beads of catalyst loading, 500 ppm of 2-methylimidazole in PEG, reaction temperature (35°C) and 5 minutes reaction times, the result shows 97% deduction of TAN value from 3.93 to 0.13 mg KOH/g respectively. In conclusion, the TAN value of PPM crude oils was successfully reduced to below than I mg KOH/g by catalytic neutralization method which offered simple technique and environmentally friendly.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Ishak, Nur Syafiqah AfiqahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Item ID: 25452
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neutralization, Highly acidic, Crude oil, 2-methylimidazole, Polyethylene glycol
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25452

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