Genetic polymorphism of drug metabolizing enzymes and estrogen receptor in pharmacogenetics of tamoxifen: implication for optimization of breast cancer treatment / Teh Lay Kek and Mohd Zaki Salleh

Lay Kek, Teh and Salleh, Mohd Zaki (2010) Genetic polymorphism of drug metabolizing enzymes and estrogen receptor in pharmacogenetics of tamoxifen: implication for optimization of breast cancer treatment / Teh Lay Kek and Mohd Zaki Salleh. Research Reports. Research Management Institute (RMI), UiTM Shah Alam. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: Tamoxifen has been used as a hormonal therapy in breast cancer patients who are positive for estrogen receptor. The drug is metabolized by Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) into several metabolite. Variation in CYP2D6 activity has important therapeutic consequences and can play a significant role in the development of adverse events or therapeutic failure in susceptible individuals. Beside, variation of drug transporter such as MDRl may alter the accumulation of the drug and cause toxicity in patients. Furthermore, the different expression of receptor-a and estrogen receptor-P may be associated with different therapy outcome. Materials and methods: In subject recruitment, patient samples were collected from HUKM, Hospital Selayang and HTAF. Patients who have received tamoxifen for treatment of breast cancer were recruited according to exclusion and inclusion criteria. Genotyping method for CYP2D6 and MDRl were developed using multiplex allele specific PCR (ASPCR) approach. DHPLC method was developed to detect existing and new alleles in CYP2D6 and estrogen receptors. The expression of estrogen receptor-a and estrogen receptor-p from samples would be quantitated using Real-time PCR. Result: The most common variants detected is CYP2D6*10 with 50% of heterozygous CYP2D6*1/*10 and CYP2D6*5 with 7.8% was detected high in breast cancer patients. Furthermore CYP2D6*l/*4 and CYP2D6*l/*4 was detected but at low frequencies.

Item Type: Monograph (Research Reports)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Lay Kek, TehUNSPECIFIED
Salleh, Mohd ZakiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica
Divisions: Institute of Research Management and Innovation (IRMI)
Item ID: 24806
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetic polymorphism, drug metabolizing enzymes
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 03:09
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/24806

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