Synthesis and characterization of palm based polyurethane foam with cellulose as a filler / Nuriah Syuhada Mohd Salleh

Mohd Salleh, Nuriah Syuhada (2016) Synthesis and characterization of palm based polyurethane foam with cellulose as a filler / Nuriah Syuhada Mohd Salleh. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. (Submitted)

Abstract

The study is carried out to produce and characterize of polyurethane foam with cellulose (PU-Cel) from palm kernel oil-based polyol. Polyurethane was produced by reacting monoester-OH palm kernel oil with 2,4-diphenylmethane diisocyanate in the ration of 1 : 1. Addition of cellulose in polyurethane system was at 10 %, 20 %, 30 % and 40 % by weight to the polyurethane system and then was mixed using the mechanical stirrer. Mechanical properties of PU-Cel foam were tested by using density test and hardness test. Morphological of PU-Cel foam were observed by using microscope. It found that the optimum mechanical properties of PU-Cel foam achieved with increased amount of cellulose up to 30 % part by weight. Based on the micrograph analysis, 30 % cellulose in the PU-Cel foam showed uniform dispersion. Addition of cellulose was necessary to increase the mechanical properties of PU-Cel foam based palm kernel oil.

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Metadata

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Mohd Salleh, Nuriah SyuhadaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Schiff bases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (N)
Item ID: 24135
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis and characterization, of palm based polyurethane foam, with cellulose as a filler, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/24135

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