Properties for the thermodynamic control of the complexation of inorganic salt to the modified natural rubber / Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sim Lai Har … [et al.]

Sim, Lai Har and Chan, Chin Han and Kammer, Hans-Werner and Mohd Yusof, Siti Nor Hafiza (2013) Properties for the thermodynamic control of the complexation of inorganic salt to the modified natural rubber / Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sim Lai Har … [et al.]. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Solid polymer electrolytes comprise of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) and methylgrafted natural rubber (MG) as polymer hosts added with LiCI04 were prepared by solution casting technique. Glass transition temperature (Tg) obtained by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the ionic conductivity evaluated from bulk resistance (Rb) determined using the impedance spectroscopy point towards the higher solubility of the lithium salt in MG rubber. Moreover, two 7gs are observed for the MG-salt electrolyte system whereas only one 7g is obtained for the ENR-salt system at all salt concentrations. The carboxyl group of the MG is found to have a better solvation capability than the oxirane group of ENR. Ionic conductivities {a) and dielectric constants (^) are observed to increase with ascending salt content. However, restricted segmental motion due to the higher degree of Li+ ion coordination to the polar epoxy oxygen of the ENR-50 leads to lower ionic conductivity as compared to ENR-25 and dependency of d on salt concentration is more pronounced at low frequencies from 50 to approximately 1.0 x 104 Hz. A power law dependence of ionic conductivity on salt concentration is also observed in which the lower charge carrier mobility in ENR as compared to MG is in good agreement with its lower conductivity.

Metadata

Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Sim, Lai HarUNSPECIFIED
Chan, Chin HanUNSPECIFIED
Kammer, Hans-WernerUNSPECIFIED
Mohd Yusof, Siti Nor HafizaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC)
Item ID: 23726
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermodynamic control; Complexatio; Inorganic salt
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23726

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