Effect of extraction solvents on antioxidant activity of swietenia macrophylla extracts / Mardhiah Mohd Raoh

Mohd Raoh, Mardhiah (2014) Effect of extraction solvents on antioxidant activity of swietenia macrophylla extracts / Mardhiah Mohd Raoh. [Student Project] (Submitted)

Abstract

Antioxidant is defined as the substance that present at low concentration together with oxidizable substrate to delay or prevent the substrate to be oxidized. Swietenia macrophylla is a plant known to cure high blood pressure and also exhibit antioxidant properties. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of extraction solvents on antioxidant activity of Swietenia macrophylla extracts. Solvents used in this study were distilled water, 70% ethanol and 70% methanol. Ground Swietenia macrophylla leaves were soaked with three different types of solvents with ratio 10 ml solvent : 1 g sample for 2 days. The extracts later were dried using rotary evaporator at 40˚C. The crude extracts were tested in total phenolic content (TPC) and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay to evaluate the antioxidant activity. IC50 value is the oxidation index used to measure the 50% depletion of DPPH radical scavenging activity. Lower IC50 value indicate higher antioxidant activity. Extraction from 70% ethanol showed the lowest IC50 value of 0.927 mg/ml followed by 70% methanol (0.968 mg/ml) and distilled water (2.278 mg/ml) when compared to BHT (0.811 mg/ml) and ascorbic acid (0.336 mg/ml) as the positive control and reference compound. Extraction from 70% ethanol showed the highest total phenolic content of 0.4467 ± 0.32 mgGAE/g of dry weight, followed by 70% methanol (0.3795 ± 0.01 mgGAE/g) and distilled water (0.1757 ± 0.04 mgGAE/g). However, three extraction solvents used in this study showed no significance difference in term of total phenolic content.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohd Raoh, MardhiahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 23565
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction solvents, antioxidant activity, swietenia, macrophylla extracts, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23565

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