Multi-Factor Crime in Malaysia, 1980 – 2013: Bounds Testing of Level Relationships and Granger Non-Causality Analysis / Dullah Mulok, Mori Kogid, Rozilee Asid, Jaratin Lily

Mulok, Dullah and Kogid, Mori and Asid, Rozilee and Lily, Jaratin (2018) Multi-Factor Crime in Malaysia, 1980 – 2013: Bounds Testing of Level Relationships and Granger Non-Causality Analysis / Dullah Mulok, Mori Kogid, Rozilee Asid, Jaratin Lily. Journal of International Business, Economics and Entrepreneurship (JIBE), 3 (2). pp. 55-66. ISSN 2550-1429 (Submitted)

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between criminal activities and the multi-macroeconomic factors of economic growth, unemployment, poverty, population and inflation in Malaysia from 1980 to 2013. The ARDL bounds testing of the level relationship was used to establish the long-run relation, and the Toda-Yamamoto Augmented VAR approach was used to test the short-run impact based on partial Granger non-causality analysis. Empirical results suggest that economic growth, inflation, poverty and population are significant factors affecting criminal activities in Malaysia with economic growth and poverty recording positive effects, whereas negative effects were recorded for inflation and population in the long-term. Further investigation using Granger non-causality analysis revealed that only population does Granger caused the criminal activities in the short-run. The findings provide useful information for policymakers to strengthen the existing crime-related policies in order to improve safety and security while maintaining economic sustainability in Malaysia.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mulok, DullahUNSPECIFIED
Kogid, MoriUNSPECIFIED
Asid, RozileeUNSPECIFIED
Lily, JaratinUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory. Demography > Macroeconomics
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory. Demography > Consumption. Demand (Economic theory)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Business and Management
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of International Business, Economics and Entrepreneurship (JIBE)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of International Business, Economics and Entrepreneurship
ISSN: 2550-1429
Volume: 3
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 55-66
Official URL: https://jibe.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 23202
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia, crime, macroeconomic factors, bounds test, augmented VAR
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23202

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