Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by biosorption of rice husk (RH) and modified rice husk (MRH) / Razin Saad Md Nor

Md Nor, Razin Saad (2010) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by biosorption of rice husk (RH) and modified rice husk (MRH) / Razin Saad Md Nor. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Presence of toxic heavy metal contaminants in aqueous streams is one of the major environmental issues these days. Chromium (VI) is one of the toxic heavy metals that have been major concern because it is carcinogenic and associated with many health hazards. Biosorption is the ability of certain biological material to remove the heavy metals from aqueous streams. Rice husks are the good low cost adsorbent as it contain 70-85% of organic matter (lignin, cellulose, sugars, etc). The adsorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution using raw rice husk (RH) and HNO₃ modified rice husk (MRH) was investigated in this study using the various parameter such as contact time, biosorbent dosage and pH at optimum condition. As the time increasing the percentage of Cr (VI) uptake was increased until it reach equilibrium time and the optimum uptake capacity of Cr (VI) for contact time parameter was found at 150 min for RH (57.9%) and 180 min for MRH (73.7%). For biosorbent dosage parameter, as the absorbent dosage increased the percentage of Cr (VI) removal was increased. The optimum biosorbent dosage for RH (68.4%) and MRH (82.3%) was found at 80 g/L. The optimum pH condition for RH (71.4%) and MRH (76.4%) was revealed as the highest removal of Cr (VI) was occurring at pH 2 and pH 4. The comparison for both RH and MRH for effectiveness of Cr (VI) removal was revealed as MRH has better performance than RH.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Md Nor, Razin SaadUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry > Salts
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 23107
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chromium (VI); rice husk
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23107

Download

[img] Text
PPb_RAZIN SAAD MD NOR AS 10_5.pdf

Download (4MB)

Fulltext

Fulltext is available at:
  • UNSPECIFIED

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year