The investigation of chili peppers extract used as bioinsecticide to control the fruit flies, drosophila melanogaster / Mohd Aizuddin Abdul Rashid

Abdul Rashid, Mohd Aizuddin (2017) The investigation of chili peppers extract used as bioinsecticide to control the fruit flies, drosophila melanogaster / Mohd Aizuddin Abdul Rashid. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The fruit flies' Drosophila melanogaster is a common pest to the crops. Its larvae inside the fruit cause the fruit to be rotten. The synthetic insecticides used to kill this pest can cause pollution to the soil and water. Thus, bioinsecticides which were extracted from chili peppers were used. The aims of this research were to identify the characteristics of the D. melanogaster in each stages of its life cycle, to investigate the effects of the chili peppers' crude extract towards the D. melanogaster mortality, also to compare the effectiveness of the crude extract samples with synthetic insecticide to control the D. melanogaster. At first, the stages in D. melanogaster life cycle were observed each day from the egg stage until it became adult. It takes seven days for the egg to become adult fruit flies. Then, there were four types of insecticidal solution which are the distilled water, C. annuum L. crude extracts, C. frutescens crude extract and malathion were used to be spray at the D. melanogaster samples. The samples were sprayed with 1 ml of each of the solutions and were left for 15 minutes. After 15 minutes, the dead and the alive samples were counted. The results show that the mortality rate of D. melanogaster samples with distilled water as treatment is 0%. The mortality rate for samples treated with the C. annuum L. crude extract is 82.75 %and C. frutescens crude extract is 80.75 %. The mortality rate of samples treated with malathion is 97.75%. As a conclusion, chili peppers potentially can be used as natural insecticides with advantages such as biodegradable and do not cause pollution.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abdul Rashid, Mohd AizuddinUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Field crops
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 22984
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster, Fruit flies, Chili peppers, Natural insecticides
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22984

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