Isolation and identification of potential cellulose bacterial degrader / Nurdina Fatihah Aminuddin

Aminuddin, Nurdina Fatihah (2017) Isolation and identification of potential cellulose bacterial degrader / Nurdina Fatihah Aminuddin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The cellulolytic bacteria can produce cellulase that degrade the cellulose and have the low possibility in causing environmental pollution and can be used in bioconversion technology to produce energy from biomass waste. The aims of this study are to isolate and screen the potential cellulose bacterial degrader. It is also to determine the optimum pH, temperature and incubation period for the growth of bacteria and to characterize the isolated bacteria by using biochemical test. The results of this study showed that 4 bacteria were isolated from soil of hotspring and able to growth on the carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) agar. All the 4 bacteria show positive results which show the clearing zone around the colonies. However, only two of the bacteria which are ST2 and ST3 that shows high cellulase activity. Biochemical test revealed that both bacteria ST2 and ST3 were facultative anaerobic, gram variable and positive for citrate test. The optimum temperature, pH, incubation period for ST2 bacteria were 40°C, pH 10 and 6 days respectively. On the other hand, the optimum temperature, pH, incubation period for ST3 bacteria were 40°C, pH 8 and 6 days respectively. As a conclusion, ST2 and ST3 bacteria can be classified as mesophilic rod bacteria and have potential to degrade the cellulose.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Aminuddin, Nurdina FatihahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 22877
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cellulose bacterial degrader, Environmental pollution, Biomass waste, Biochemical test
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22877

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