Visual status and refractive error among adults with disability / Nur Farah Amirah Ahmad Tarmizi

Ahmad Tarmizi, Nur Farah Amirah (2016) Visual status and refractive error among adults with disability / Nur Farah Amirah Ahmad Tarmizi. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus.

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyse the pattern of visual acuity, refractive error, optometric assessment and ocular characteristics among adults with disability in communitybased rehabilitation center. Methods: Records of eye examination from the year 2012 to 2015 were obtained from UiTM Vision Care clinic. Adults of age 19 years and above with one or multiple disabilities were included. Demographic data, visual acuity, refractive error, optometric assessment and ocular characteristics were extracted. Results: There were 44.4% adults with learning disability, 30.6% with physical disability, 13.9% with multiple disability and 11.1% with mental disability. The mean distance visual acuity for right eye was 0.24±0.29 log and left eye was 0.28±0.32 log. Majority of 41.7% were in normal range of vision on right eye and 44.4% were in near-normal range of vision on left eye. Based on the classification of ametropia, 61.1% subjects were emmetropia, 13.9% were hyperopia, 22.3% were myopia, 86.1% had insignificant astigmatism and 11.1% had mild astigmatism. Cataract was showed to be the highest percentage with 27.8% of eye abnormalities found among adults with disability. From the optometric assessment, 13.8% subjects had eye deviation. Conclusion: Adults with disability was found to have visual problem and reduction of visual acuity. Attention need to be given to this population in order to prevent visual impairment. Early vision screening is crucial for early detection and intervention.

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ahmad Tarmizi, Nur Farah AmirahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology > Refraction and errors of refraction and accommodation
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology > Optometry. Opticians. Eyeglasses
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Item ID: 22395
Uncontrolled Keywords: Visual acuity, refractive error, optometric assessment, ocular characteristics, adults with disability
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2018 01:45
Depositing User: Perpustakaan Tun Abdul Razak UiTM Kampus Puncak Alam
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22395

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