The timeliness of streptokinase administration and its relationship with in-hospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction patient / Nur Mariana Ayub

Ayub, Nur Mariana (2015) The timeliness of streptokinase administration and its relationship with in-hospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction patient / Nur Mariana Ayub. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

The reduction in mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is more striking when fibrinolytic is delivered early. A Malaysian guideline recommends initiation of fibrinolytic therapy in the emergency department (ED) within 30 minutes of arrival. The primary study objective is to determine the timing to streptokinase administration with comparison to the Malaysian guidelines and the relationship of the door-to-needle (DTN) time with in-hospital mortality. The study also examined the risk of bleeding with streptokinase and the contributing factors (day and time of ED arrival) that may affect DTN time. A retrospective study was conducted in Hospital Sultanah Aminah Johor Bahru on AMI patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit and received streptokinase from ED. The data were taken from the ED admission records from January 2013 till September 2014. A total of 86 patients were enrolled in this study. Only 37.2% of the patients were treated according to guidelines. There was no significant association between DTN time and in-hospital mortality (p=0.292). 12.8% of them had bleeding episodes after receiving streptokinase. Day and time of ED arrival did not significantly affect the DTN time; p=0.778 and p=0.575, respectively. This study found that the timeliness of streptokinase administration was not associated with in-hospital mortality, yet DTN time of ≤30 minutes were achieved in less than half of AMI patients. Patients had mild or moderate bleeding risk after receiving streptokinase. ED staffs give priority to treat AMI patients as the highest acuity patients at all time.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Ayub, Nur MarianaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica > Pharmacognosy. Pharmaceutical substances (Plant, animal, and inorganic)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Pharmacy (B)
Item ID: 21877
Uncontrolled Keywords: Streptokinase administration; in-hospital mortality; acute myocardial infarction patient
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 08:30
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 7
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/21877

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