Numerical analysis on the effect of upstream building arrangement and setback distance on pedestrian wind environment / Muhd Azhar Zainol

Zainol, Muhd Azhar (2017) Numerical analysis on the effect of upstream building arrangement and setback distance on pedestrian wind environment / Muhd Azhar Zainol. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

[img]
Preview
Text
TM_MUHD AZHAR ZAINOL EM 17_5.pdf

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

The development of high rise buildings had been shifting to sub-urban area due to the limitation of space and increasing property prices in the urban area. The growth of this development in sub-urban area might affect the mean wind velocity and flow structure in the urban area. Apart from that, the vegetation area such as tree and hills areas were replaced with development of high rise buildings with large podium bulk, were unfavourable to natural ventilation and could reduce the mean wind velocity at urban area and also reduce the distance between sub-urban area and urban area. Therefore, it was important to investigate the impact of sub-urban building geometry and the distance between sub-urban area and urban area on the mean wind velocity profile and flow structure at the urban area. Due to this circumstance, large eddy simulation (LES) was performed to evaluate the effect of sub-urban building geometry on mean wind velocity and flow structure over the urban buildings. The sub-urban area was modelled as an upstream building and the urban area was modelled as downstream area. The packing density for both areas was fixed at 25% and the setback distance, d from 3H, 5H and 1H. Based on the result obtained, the setback distance between the upstream area and downstream area slightly influenced on the flow structure at the downstream area, however longer setback distance provided higher mean wind velocity at downstream area compared to shorter setback distance. In addition, one high rise building and two high rise buildings were added at upstream area with a fixed setback distance 3H. The current result revealed that as the number of high rise building increase, the mean wind velocity and turbulence statistic (Reynold stress and turbulence intensity) at the downstream area will be decreased. The results gained from this study only demonstrated the effect of group buildings with two types of building arrangements. The findings in this study might be important to town planners and architects to get a better understanding of the influences of setback distance and upstream building configurations in the urban ventilation study.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Zainol, Muhd AzharUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanical movements
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanical devices and figures. Automata. Ingenious mechanisms.Robots (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Item ID: 21628
Uncontrolled Keywords: Numerical analysis; upstream building arrangement;; pedestrian wind environment
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 03:16
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 7
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/21628

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year