Enhanced performance of encapsulated multi-enzyme in indigenous sayong clay for cassava saccharification process / Siti Noraida Abd Rahim

Abd Rahim, Siti Noraida (2015) Enhanced performance of encapsulated multi-enzyme in indigenous sayong clay for cassava saccharification process / Siti Noraida Abd Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


The encapsulation of multi-enzyme (alpha-amylase, glucoamylase and cellulase) within calcium alginate-clay beads was used in the saccharification of cassava into reducing sugar in a stirred tank bioreactor. The functional group, morphology and composition of beads were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX). The optimal encapsulation conditions of multi-enzyme in alginate-clay beads were obtained at 2 % (w/v) clay concentration and 0.2 M CaCl2 solution which gave 97.34 % of loading efficiency and 53.71 % of immobilization yield. Kinetic parameters were determined for encapsulated multienzyme, as well as for the free multi-enzyme. The Michaelis constant, Km value for encapsulated multi-enzyme (4.9176 mg/mL) was 1.39 times higher than free multienzyme (3.5367 mg/mL), whereas the maximum reaction velocity, Vmax value was lower for the encapsulated multi-enzyme. Based on the one-factor-at-one-time (OFAT) study, the optimum pH, temperature and agitation speed for both free and encapsulated multi-enzyme were pH 6.0, 50 °C and 120 rpm, respectively. Furthermore, the optimum conditions for saccharification process were statistical determined using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). After screening significant factors that influence the saccharification process, pH, temperature and agitation speed were optimized by implementing central composite design (CCD) in RSM. The optimum values of pH, temperature and agitation speed were found to be pH 5.9, 44 °C and 94 rpm, respectively. Under these conditions, the experimental yield was 88.19 % which was close to the predicted yield (91.95 %). Meanwhile, encapsulated multienzyme was retained 15.09 % of its activity after 5 reaction cycles.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abd Rahim, Siti NoraidaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TT Handicrafts Arts and crafts > Home arts. Homecrafts.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology
Item ID: 21620
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enhanced performance; multi-enzyme; sayong clay
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/21620



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