Microstructural and mechanical properties of welded Ti-15-3 beta titanium alloy using GTAW with boron-modified fillers / Ahmad Lutfi Anis

Anis, Ahmad Lutfi (2017) Microstructural and mechanical properties of welded Ti-15-3 beta titanium alloy using GTAW with boron-modified fillers / Ahmad Lutfi Anis. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Mechanical properties of titanium alloys are dictated by their microstructure, particularly the size, shape and distribution of hexagonally close-packed (hcp) α and body-centred cubic (bcc) β phases. For metastable β titanium alloys the morphology and distribution of α precipitates have largely contributed to its mechanical properties. Welded zones in gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) of metastable β titanium alloys exhibit retained β structure with inferior mechanical properties due to coarse columnar prior β grains and lack of α precipitates in the matrix in as-welded condition. In this work refinement of prior β grains and α. was achieved in GTAW welds of metastable β titanium alloy, Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn (Ti-15-3) by current pulsing and modification of welding fillers. Autogenous pulsed current GTAW were performed at 0, 2, 4 and 6 Hz pulsing frequencies to determine optimum frequency for pulsed current welding of thin plates Ti-15-3 alloy. Welding of Ti-15-3 alloy using commercially pure α titanium (CPTi) alloy filler resulted in the precipitation of α phase from β phase during cooling to ambient temperature due to dilution of melted base metal with the filler metal. The GTAW welds with CP-Ti filler exhibit high hardness, higher tensile strength but lower % strain as compared to the autogenous weld owing to precipitation of a phase precipitation at β grain boundaries. Addition of 0.5 wt.% and 1.0 wt.% boron to CP-Ti fillers resulted in significantly refined fusion zone β grains in welds with CP-Ti-0.5B and CP-Ti-1 .0B fillers due to growth restriction mechanism associated with partitioning of boron during solidification. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of autogenous welds showed only bcc β-Ti phase while indexed peaks for the weld samples with CP-Ti filler showed the presence of very small hcp α-Ti phase along with bcc β-Ti phase. Welds with CP-Ti-0.5B and CP-Ti-1.0B fillers showed additional orthorhombic TiB peaks. Mechanical tests show that hardness of the fusion zone and tensile strength in welds with boron-added CP-Ti fillers are higher than that in autogenous welds and welds with CP-Ti filler. Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) of the welded samples increased α precipitation in all samples while FESEM and TEM analysis of the fusion zones showed α with higher aspect ratios in aged welds with boron-added CP-Ti fillers than autogenous weld and weld with CP-Ti filler, attributed to the additional nucleation sites provided by increase in boundary area of refined prior β grains with the addition of boron. PWHT weldments displayed higher hardness values, compared to similar regions in as-welded samples, and higher tensile strength after aging.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Anis, Ahmad LutfiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 21619
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microstructural; mechanical properties; beta titanium alloy; boron-modified fillers
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/21619



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