Microbubbles size distribution at different palm oil mill effluent (POME) temperatures for oil recovery study / Nurul Hazwani Mohamad ... [et al.]

Mohamad, Nurul Hazwani and Sulaiman, Alawi and Mokhtar, Mohd Noriznan and Samsu Baharuddin, Azhari (2017) Microbubbles size distribution at different palm oil mill effluent (POME) temperatures for oil recovery study / Nurul Hazwani Mohamad ... [et al.]. Scientific Research Journal, 14 (2). pp. 89-98. ISSN 1675-7009

Abstract

Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is the largest contributor of biomass from the palm oil milling industry. Conventional method of POME treatment using ponding system should be improved because of huge land resource requirement. In this study, microbubbles technology was applied to understand the recovery rate of residual oil from POME at different operating temperatures. Temperature for POME wasset at 27 o C, 30 o C and 50 o C to determine the microbubble size distributions and characteristics at different POME temperature. At each temperature, the size of microbubbles was measured based on six size range; <10 μm, (11-20) μm, (21-30) μm, (31-40) μm, (41-50) μm and >50 μm. The results showed that at different temperatures, the microbubbles size distribution varies and the smallest group of microbubbles(<10μm) was generated at 50o C. According to StokeEinstein equation, at higher temperature, smaller size of microbubbles is generated because of the gas diffusion factor into liquid.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohamad, Nurul HazwaniUNSPECIFIED
Sulaiman, AlawiUNSPECIFIED
Mokhtar, Mohd NoriznanUNSPECIFIED
Samsu Baharuddin, AzhariUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Biochemistry
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC)
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Research Journal
Journal: UiTM Journal > Scientific Research Journal
ISSN: 1675-7009
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 89-98
Item ID: 20417
Uncontrolled Keywords: palm oil mill effluent (POME), size distribution, temperature, Stokes-Einstein equation
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/20417

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