Molecular characterization of coagulase-negative staphylococcus and biofilm- associated genes in S. capitis / Aziyah Abd Aziz

Abd Aziz, Aziyah (2015) Molecular characterization of coagulase-negative staphylococcus and biofilm- associated genes in S. capitis / Aziyah Abd Aziz. In: The Doctoral Research Abstracts. IGS Biannual Publication, 8 (8). Institute of Graduate Studies, UiTM, Shah Alam.

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Abstract

The coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) is a group of bacteria that are gaining prominence as emerging pathogens of hospital-acquired infections. One such species is S. capitis, which is now the major cause of bloodstream infection especially in neonatal intensive units. The major virulence factor of S. capitis appears to be its ability to form a biofilm structure. A total of 200 local clinical isolates of CoNS was obtained from the Hospital Tuanku Ampuan Rahimah, Klang in between December 2010 to May 2011. Nine species of CoNS were identified with S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, S. hominis and S. capitis being the most prevalent strains. Identification of the isolates by biochemical tests using the Microgen Staph ID kit was less than 50% accurate while identification via the sodA gene sequence provided better discrimination and accuracy. The ERIC-PCR fingerprinting was then used to genotype the CoNS strains and the Discriminative Index (D) was calculated. At D = 0.949, ERIC-PCR can be used with confidence to discriminate between the S. hominis strains. However, low discriminative power (D < 0.9) was observed for S. capitis, S. epidermidis and S. haemolyticus implying that ERIC- PCR fingerprinting is not sufficient to genotype these strains. A multiplex PCR method was successfully developed to probe for the presence of icaABCD operon in a majority of the bacterial strains. At 88%, S. capitis showed the highest ability to form biofilm with a large percentage of these forming dense biofilm structures while the icaABCD operon was found to be present in all of the strains…

Item Type: Book Section
Creators:
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Abd Aziz, AziyahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education > Dissertations, Academic. Preparation of theses > Malaysia
Divisions: Institut Pengajian Siswazah (IPSis) : Institute of Graduate Studies (IGS)
Series Name: IGS Biannual Publication
Volume: 8
Number: 8
Item ID: 19431
Uncontrolled Keywords: Abstract; Abstract of thesis; Newsletter; Research information; Doctoral graduates; IPSis; IGS; UiTM; staphylococcus
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2018 06:53
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/19431

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