Whole genome sequencing and analysis on the trios of the Che Wong and Semai: understanding the medico-genomic association / Rose Iszati Ismet Nayan

Ismet Nayan, Rose Iszati (2017) Whole genome sequencing and analysis on the trios of the Che Wong and Semai: understanding the medico-genomic association / Rose Iszati Ismet Nayan. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

As to date, there is no report on the architecture of the whole genomes of the unique Orang Asli subtribes in Peninsular Malaysia. The Che Wong was selected as the group of interest as they have a dwindling population of 651, while the Semai Orang Asli with a population number of 51,313 was selected as the control group. The Semai is the largest sub-tribe of the Senoi which is also the largest group amongst the Orang Asli. This study aims to understand the variation in genomics composition of the Che Wong and Semai Orang Asli by a deep and systematic characterization of the genome through development of an in-house bioinformatics pipeline. The disease risk and protection conferred by genetic traits were explored via sequencing the whole genome of a trio family of both the Che Wong and Semai sub-tribes. The Che Wong and Semai genomes were sequenced and mapped to the human reference genome (hgl9) with an average coverage of 44.1 x and 43.Ox, respectively. A total of-6.23 million and -6.18 million variants were identified for the Che Wong and Semai trios, respectively. An average of 448,166 and 436,520 of these variants were found to be unique to the Che Wong and Semai trios, respectively. An average of 1.6% of the total variants called for the Che Wong and Semai genomes were known to be evolutionary conserved. A closer relationship between the Che Wong and Semai with the Asian populations than the African, American and European peoples was also observed. There is a distinctive difference in health status between the Che Wong and Semai trio where the Semai are seen to be in a healthier state. Medico-genomic association also revealed more disease impact for the Che Wong trio as compared to the Semai trio genomes. A total of 93 and 106 de novo mutations (DNMs) were identified for the Che Wong and Semai trio respectively. These mutations were also studied for their medico-genomic association. We report here for the first time the catalogues of the genomic architectures of the Orang Asli, the Che Wong and Semai in precise along with their medico-genomic findings. These data provide new perspectives of the genomics background of the indigenous populations in South East Asia (SEA) which we believe would be useful for the scientific and health community.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Ismet Nayan, Rose IszatiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy
Item ID: 18874
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genome; Che Wong; Semai; Medico-genomic
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 03:40
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/18874

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