Leptin induced changes in sperm parameters in Sprague-Dawley rats: role of oxidative stress and its prevention by melatonin / Fayez A. M. Almabhouh

A.M.Almabhouh, Fayez (2016) Leptin induced changes in sperm parameters in Sprague-Dawley rats: role of oxidative stress and its prevention by melatonin / Fayez A. M. Almabhouh. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Exogenous leptin administration has been shown to adversely effect sperm count and sperm morphology in normal adult rats. It is however unknown if it affects sperm DNA integrity and increases apoptosis of sperm and testicular tissue cells. This study therefore investigated the effect of leptin administration on sperm count, morphology, sperm DNA integrity, sperm DNA damage, apoptosis and histone-to-protamine ratios and its prevention by melatonin in Sprague-Dawley rats. It also examined the reversal of these effects on sperm parameters for up to 56 days following cessation of leptin treatment. Seventy-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 12 weeks, were randomized into 13 groups, Group 1 rats acted as a control and were given saline. Group 2 rats were given 60 | μg/kg body weight daily of leptin for 42 days. Group 3 (leptin-melatonin-10) rats were given 60 | μg/kg /day of leptin and 10 mg of melatonin/day/kg body weight in drinking water. Group 4 (leptin-melatonin-20) rats were given 60 |μg/kg/day of leptin and 20 mg of melatonin/day/kg body weight in drinking water. Group 5 (melatonin-10) rats were given 10 mg of melatonin/day/kg body weight in drinking water. The remaining 8 groups were divided into four leptin and four saline treated control groups to examine the reversal of adverse effects of leptin. They were given intra-peritoneal (i.p.) injections of leptin daily at a dose of 60 |ug/kg body weight for 42 days. Control rats received 0.1 ml of 0.9% saline. On day 43, one group of leptin treated rats and one group of age-matched saline treated control rats were euthanized for collection of epididymal sperm. The remaining three groups together with their age-matched saline treated controls were allowed to recover further for either 21, 42 or 56 days. Sperm count, morphology, histone-to-protamine ratios, 8-OHdG, apoptosis, sperm DNA damage, and gene expression profiles using micro-array analysis of the rat testes were determined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and post-hoc analysis and presented as mean ± SEM. Compared to the controls, sperm count was significantly lower whereas the fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, histone-to-protamine ratios, the level of 8-OHdG, apoptotic activity and sperm DNA fragmentation were significantly higher in leptin treated rats but not in leptin-melatonin-20 rats. Micro-array analysis revealed significant up-regulation of the expression of respiratory chain enzymes, apoptosis, DNA damage genes and down-regulation of anti-oxidant enzyme genes. All these differences were still evident at days 21 and 42 but not at day 56 of recovery period. In summary, it appears that leptin administration significantly decreases sperm count and down-regulated the anti-oxidant enzyme genes. It increases the fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, DNA damage, apoptosis, DNA fragmentation and expression of caspase-independent apoptosis genes and DNA damage marker genes. These effects are prevented by concurrent administration of melatonin at dose of 20mg/kg. It appears also these adverse effects of leptin on sperm parameters are completely reversed within 56 days posttreatment in Sprague-Dawley rats.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
A.M.Almabhouh, FayezUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Item ID: 18522
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leptin induced; Sperm; Sprague-Dawley rats; Melatonin
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 06:12
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/18522

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