Chemical constituents from the hexane fraction of Goniothalamus Macrophyllus roots / Norkamilah Mohammed @ Abdullah

Mohammed @ Abdullah, Norkamilah (2013) Chemical constituents from the hexane fraction of Goniothalamus Macrophyllus roots / Norkamilah Mohammed @ Abdullah. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Goniothalamus is one of the species from the Annonaceae family consisting of 115 species distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. Goniothalamus macrophyllus is a medicinal plant used widely in Peninsular Malaysia and known by the local name “pokok gajah beranak”. Phytochemical studies on Goniothalamus species have led to the isolation and characterization of large number of styryl lactones, acetogenins, alkaloids and flavanoids. Besides, investigation on the biological activities of Goniothalamus species showed the potential usage as an anticancer, antimalarial, antiplasmodial and antimicrobial. The objectives of the study are to isolate compounds from the hexane fraction from the roots of G. macrophyllus and test against brine shrimp assay. Dried roots of G. macrophyllus were ground into fine powder using a cutter mill. The ground roots were soaked in 80 % aqueous methanol at room temperature, filtered and the solvent were removed under reduced pressure to give crude methanolic extract. The crude extract was further suspended in aqueous methanol and sequentially partitioned with «-hexane, chloroform and /7-butanol. Two known compounds, goniothalamin (13) and linderatone (147) with two new compounds, goniolandrene A (148) and B (149) were isolated and purified from the hexane fraction by using analytical HPLC, preparative HPLC and TLC preparative. The structures were discussed and confirmed by using one (ID) and two - dimensional (2D) NMR, MS-TOF, IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy and comparison with the known compounds. The isolated compounds were tested against Brine Shrimp Lethality assay (BSL).

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mohammed @ Abdullah, NorkamilahUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy
Item ID: 18434
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medicinal Plant; Chemical constituents; Hexane fraction; Goniothalamus Macrophyllus roots
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 02:43
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 2
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/18434

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