Computational and characterization studies of non-conjugated poly (NVINYLCARBAZOLE) blends as host polymer for phosphorescence emission / Ahmad Nazib Alias

Alias, Ahmad Nazib (2015) Computational and characterization studies of non-conjugated poly (NVINYLCARBAZOLE) blends as host polymer for phosphorescence emission / Ahmad Nazib Alias. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

[img]
Preview
Text
ABS_AHMAD NAZIB ALIAS TDRA VOL 8 IGS 15.pdf

Download (497kB) | Preview

Abstract

Polarized absorption, optical dielectric spectra, absorption excitation and emissions spectra of blended poly (N-carbazole) (PVK) with poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene) (PVDF-HFP) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in the same composition have been investigated. The electronic structure has been calculated using extrapolation of oligomer method by semiempirical Zerner Modified Intermediate Neglect of Differential Overlap (ZINDO) calculation. Polymer coating was carried out using doctor blade technique on a quartz substrate. Polarized absorption, optical dielectric spectra, absorption excitation and emission spectra reveal that there are significant different results obtained between PVK, PVK:PVP and PVK:PVDF-HFP. The electronic parameters such as absorption edge (Ee), allowed direct bandgap (Ed), allowed indirect bandgap (Ej) and Urbach edge (Eu) were calculated using Tauc/Davis-Mott Model. The dispersion behavior of polymer blending has been discussed using the Wemple-DiDomenico and Sellmeier model. The luminescence excitation and emission spectra have also been evaluated and results reveal that significant changes occur in the spectrum with different polymer blends. PVK:PVP has the highest emission intensity and low Stokes shift followed by PVK:PVDF-HfP and PVK. The existing state of gap was calculated using AC conductivity. This result has further been used to predict the factor that affected the recombination mechanism. The luminescence mechanism due to energy transfer has been supported using electronic calculation and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy. Resonance transfer of electronic excitation energy from sensitizer (donor) to activator (acceptor) has been modeled by using coupling resonance approach. The highest intensity of polymer blend (PVKPVP) has futher been investigated by changing the composition ratio. The polymer blending systems consist of blended PVK with PVP (PVKPVP) in different weight ratios namely SI (9:1), S2 (8:2), S3 (7:3), S4 (6:4), S5 (5:5), and S6 (4:6). S5 show the maximum excitation and emission properties. The maximum of excitation and emission energy are discrepant non-linearly with the composition ratio. The emission spectra of Europium complex blended with PVK, PVKPVDF-FIfP and PVKPVP has also been investigated. The emission spectra for all samples show the character of Eu complex. Eu complex blended with PVK shows the highest transition, followed by PVKPVDF-HfP and PVKPVP. This shows that the type of host polymer strongly depends upon the type of host polymer blended in Eu complex. Based on singlet-triplet energy levels and phosphorescence yield calculation, there are significant changes in the phosphorescence emission intensity when different host polymers are used.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Alias, Ahmad NazibUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 18317
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computational; Polarized absorption; Optical dielectric spectra; Absorption excitation
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2018 02:35
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/18317

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year