Bioenergy generation from laccase-glucose oxidase in single and double chamber of enzymatic fuel cell / Nurrisa Asrul

Asrul, Nurrisa (2016) Bioenergy generation from laccase-glucose oxidase in single and double chamber of enzymatic fuel cell / Nurrisa Asrul. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

The present work investigates a glucose oxidase-laccase enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) employing simplified system design - freely suspended enzymes and their respective substrates. The problem with conventional EFC was the complexity of the system that limits its application for e.g the immobilization procedure which was tedious and has an adverse effect on enzyme activity. EFC also had a low performance system. Single chamber (membraneless) and double chamber design are studied. The EFC comprises of a nickel mesh as the oxidative current collector (and also continuously feed oxygen into the system) and a carbon-based air electrode as the reductive current collector, enclosed in acrylic casing of 3 ml volumetric capacity. The anolyte consists of glucose oxidase enzyme (10 U), glucose substrate (200 mM) and FAD co-enzyme (3.8 mM), while the catholyte consists of laccase enzyme (10 U) and syringaldazine substrate (216 μM). Three types of anolyte/catholyte buffer electrolyte are studied - citrate/citrate, phosphate/phosphate and citrate/phosphate, in the pH range 5 - 6.5. A biocatalytic electrochemical system is highly sensitive. Consequently, any variation in the electrolyteformulation would affect the cell discharge performance. Thus, the discharge profile capacity of the EFC is utilize to elucidate the optimum electrolyte formulation. Though the approach is indirect, the observed changes are obvious, suggesting the method is viable. Despite its simple design features, the EFC demonstrated attractive performance characteristics. The single chamber design registered an OCV of 0.96 V, discharge capacity of 1 mAh (rated at 50 \xA) and possessed a volumetric energy density of 286 μW/cm³. On the other hand, the double chamber EFC design showed better discharge performance with higher operating voltage and an extended discharge duration by 12%. This could possibly be attributed to the occurrence of charge leakage phenomenon in single chamber design since the anolyte and catholyte were freely mixed. These performance characteristics are considered comparable to biocatalytic energy systems employing much more complicated design such as using immobilized enzymes and mediator, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), oxygenated electrolyte etc., as well as operated in controlled environment. In the EFC design, a commercial air electrode is used as the cathodic current collector which also serves as the ambient oxygen diffusion site to continuously feed oxygen into the system. Utilization of air electrode is shown to enhance the cell output by approximately 30.5 %. As the cell was characterized in an open ambient surrounding, the activity decay of both glucose oxidase and laccase were monitored continuously for 5 days. Both activity decay profiles are similar - a rapid drop in the enzyme activity in the first 20 hours (35-40%), followed by rather a steady region (25% activity decline for about 60 hours duration), and ended by a rapid drop in enzyme activity. Under exposure to uncontrolled ambient conditions, the enzymes could last for about 100 hours.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Asrul, NurrisaUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 17890
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioenergy; Laccase-glucose oxidase; Chamber; Enzymatic fuel cell
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 08:09
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17890

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