Synthesis and characterization of epoxidized palm oil based polyol-silane coated film / Siti Munira Yahaya

Yahaya, Siti Munira (2016) Synthesis and characterization of epoxidized palm oil based polyol-silane coated film / Siti Munira Yahaya. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Epoxidized palm oil (EPO) based polyols were produced from three different molar ratios of EPO and glycerol (1:1.0, 1:1.5, 1:2.0) via hydroxylation reaction. The reduction of oxirane content from 2.9 to 0.04%, the increase in hydroxyl value to 509.6 mgKOH/g and high viscosity of synthesized polyols indicates the opening of epoxy ring and also showed the grafting process had been occurred. Based on FTIR and NMR spectrum, hydroxyl group has been chemically grafted onto the opened epoxy ring of EPO. Polyol-1.5 synthesized from 1 mol of EPO react with 1.5 mol of glycerol was chosen in formulating polyol-silane resin due to its optimum properties and characteristics compared with others. The polyol-1.5 was mixed with different types of silane and hardener to formulate polyol-silane resin. Each silanes was varied with three different weight percentages (10, 30 and 50 wt %). Result shows that only polyol-3-Isocyanatepropyltrimethoxysilane (ICPTES) resin was successfully formed coated film. The disappearance of OH groups at 3450 cm'1 and detection of strong siloxane, Si-O-Si signal at 1077 cm"1 showed silane was chemically grafted. Based on Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), it showed that the degradation temperature (Td) of all coated films was increased with the addition of percentage of silane. However, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of coated film obtained from Differential Scanning Calorimetric (DSC), did not follow the same trends. The Tg of sample with 50 wt% of silane exhibits lower Tg than sample with 30 wt% of silane. This may due to the fact that the greater functionality of siloxane network contributing to poor chain rigidity. Meanwhile, the hardness and adhesion strength of coated film increased as the percentage of silane used increased due to excellent structural compatibility of mixture which formed crosslinked polymer. Wettability and surface energy of film was determined using water contact angle analyzer and results showed that the polyol- ICPTES coated film formed hydrophobic and water-repellent surface which is good to used as sealant and adhesives.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Yahaya, Siti MuniraUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 17886
Uncontrolled Keywords: Epoxidized palm oil; Synthesis; Polyol-silane coated film
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2018 02:56
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17886

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