Isolation and purification of galactomannan from Leucaena leucocephala and synthesis of crosslinked galactomannan nanoparticles / Nurnadiah Rahim

Rahim, Nurnadiah (2016) Isolation and purification of galactomannan from Leucaena leucocephala and synthesis of crosslinked galactomannan nanoparticles / Nurnadiah Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

These present works have focus on the isolation of galactomannan and synthesis of galactomannan nanoparticles. Galactomannan nanoparticles possess attractive properties such as biodegradable and biocompatible; significant in biomedical applications. Galactomannan was isolated from the mature seeds of a local plant, petai belalang known scientifically as Leucaena leucocephala via water extraction followed by precipitation with ethanol and purified by ion-exchange chromatography. It was chemically analyzed by UV, NMR, FTIR, GPC and HPLC. Pure galactomannan was successfully isolated with a yield of 50.31 % (w/w). It consisted of D-mannose and Dgalactose with mannose: galactose (M/G) ratio of 1.01. The molecular weight of the galactomannan was found to be 64 kDa. Galactomannan obtained from this present work is soluble in water. Galactomannan were then modified to acrylated galactomannan (AcGA) which act as a precursor molecule for the preparation of crosslinked galactomannan nanoparticles (CL-GA). AcGA was synthesized using acryloyl chloride (AC) as a chemical modifier through esterification process. Trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA) was used as the crosslinker for the preparation of CL-GA. Successful conjugation of GA with acrylates was verified by ¹H NMR and FTIR spectroscopies. Thermal properties of pure galactomannan, AcGA and CL-GA were measured using DSC to complement spectroscopic results. TEM images revealed the particle size of AcGA to be in the range of 30-100 nm; and increased to 200-850 nm range after the crosslinking process. Efficiency of CL-GA to trap crystal violet dye as a model drug was followed by UV Vis Spectroscopy. Results showed that CL-GA is capable of trapping crystal violet dye and has the potential to be used as a drug carrier.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Rahim, NurnadiahUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 17875
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galactomannan; Isolation; Purification
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 08:07
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17875

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