An outcome study of extended versus standard infusion of meropenem in septic critically ill patients / Fahmi Hassan

Hassan, Fahmi (2016) An outcome study of extended versus standard infusion of meropenem in septic critically ill patients / Fahmi Hassan. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Sepsis incidence in critical care settings is a major problem in health care. Good choice of antibiotic treatment may improve the outcome of patients with sepsis. Meropenem is one of the most widely used antibiotics for treatment of serious bacterial infection in hospitalized patients. Since meropenem is a beta-lactam antibiotic, it exhibits the bactericidal effect with time-dependent activity. Currently ICUs in Malaysia do not have a standard guideline on how to infuse meropenem; whether to use 30-minute or three-hour infusion due to the lack of clinical evidence supporting either methods. The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of critically ill patients with sepsis receiving 30-minute meropenem infusion and three-hour meropenem infusion. A retrospective case control study was conducted among patients over 18 years old who were diagnosed with sepsis and treated with meropenem infusion in Intensive Care Unit of three hospitals in Malaysia. Patients included in the study received either 30-minute infusion of meropenem or three-hour infusion of meropenem as per practice of individual settings. Outcomes and clinical data were retrospectively collected from the electronic databases and also patients file from the record departments of individual settings. During the study period, a total of 1975 patients received meropenem infusion during their admission in the ICUs of the three selected hospitals. 11.4% of the selected samples met the inclusion criteria of the study and were included in the analysis. From the 225 subjects, 108 patients received three-hour infusion of meropenem while the remaining 117 patients received 30-minute infusion of meropenem. Patients receiving the extended infusion of meropenem were found to have significantly lower mortality rate, shorter length of hospital stay, and higher rate of fever and white blood cell reduction. This study would be able to strengthen the evidence in using prolonged infusion of meropenem as a standard practice in critical care settings in Malaysia. As this is the first study of its kind done in Malaysia, it proves that prolonged meropenem infusion may be beneficial to critically ill patients with sepsis. However, a randomized clinical trial with large sample size should be carried out in local settings in order to improve the result of the study and minimizes other confounders that may influence with the result of the study.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Hassan, FahmiUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy
Item ID: 17860
Uncontrolled Keywords: Meropenem; Septic; Patients
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 07:17
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17860

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