Gamma radiation and methyl jasmonate effects on regeneration and phytochemical constituent of vanilla planifolia cultures / Ellia Kartini Mujar

Mujar, Ellia Kartini (2015) Gamma radiation and methyl jasmonate effects on regeneration and phytochemical constituent of vanilla planifolia cultures / Ellia Kartini Mujar. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Vanilla is a commercially valuable plant that produces vanillin, an aromatic compound that is widely used in cosmetics, foods, beverages and pharmaceutics. The high demand of vanilla is caused by the difficult propagation of 'hand-pollination' method that is hard labor and time consuming. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of gamma radiation and methyl jasmonate on the regeneration of vanilla tissue culture and its chemical constituents. The tissue culture technique started with sterilization method by using different combinations of fungicide, alcohol and commercial bleach. Then, the vanilla explants undergone gamma radiation (0 Gy, 10 Gy, 20 Gy, 30 Gy) and planted in different concentrations of methyl jasmonate (0 μM, 10 μM, 20 μM, 40 μM, 80 μM). The ten weeks vanilla cultures were harvested and their shoot height, leaf number, root length and root number were measured and analyzed using ANOVA (SPSS 18). Then the vanilla explants were oven dried at 40 °C, ground and soaked in methanol for 48 hours. GC-MS analysis was done to the ten vanilla cultures with highest shoot length. The results showed that 1 % fungicide, 10 % commercial bleach and 70 % alcohol were the best combination to sterilize vanilla explants without harming the explants. The gamma radiation results showed that 10 Gy gamma irradiated vanilla culture had the highest regeneration of vanilla, shoot height was 13.40±0.33 cm, while 30 Gy gamma irradiated cultures showed the lowest. Ten Gy gamma irradiated culture be higher regeneration in 20 μM methyl jasmonate, shoot height of 14.5±0.4 cm, compared to other methyl jasmonate concentrations. This may due to the enhancement of photosynthesis and metabolites that was promoted by gamma ray and jasmonic acids inside the mesophyll cells of vanilla explants. The GC-MS analysis showed higher production of acetovanillone and ethyl vanillyl methyl, derivatives of vanillin in 10 Gy irradiated cultures as well as other metabolites such as phenols, fatty acids and siloxanes. A higher methyl jasmonates also stimulated the production of phytochemicals in vanilla explants. In conclusion, a low gamma radiation and methyl jasmonate concentration promote the regeneration of vanilla in plant tissue culture and induced the secondary metabolite within the plants.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Mujar, Ellia KartiniUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 17812
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gamma radiation; Methyl jasmonate effects; Phytochemical constituent; Vanilla planifolia cultures
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 06:43
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17812

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