Characterization and flexural properties of nanoclay-modified fiber reinforced polymer composites / Widia Wahyuni Amir

Amir, Widia Wahyuni (2015) Characterization and flexural properties of nanoclay-modified fiber reinforced polymer composites / Widia Wahyuni Amir. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are high performance materials which are widely used in various applications, such as aircraft and high-end automobile structures. In theory, stiffer and tougher matrices provide better support to the fiber, hence enhancing the properties of the FRP composites. The aim of this study is to improve the properties of FRP composite by incorporating nanoclay as filler in the epoxy resin. The nanoclay particle was dispersed in epoxy resin using a three roll mill machine. This thesis comprises of two main parts which are the characterization of the nanomodified-epoxy polymer and investigation of mechanical properties of the nanoclay-FRP composites with an emphasis on flexural and interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) behavior. In the first part, an experimental investigation was conducted in order to identify the degree of dispersion of nanoclay in the resin system. The quality of the nanocomposites of the nanoclay in the epoxy was evaluated using x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis. In addition, the thermal and mechanical properties of the nanoclay-modified epoxy compared to the neat epoxy system were also investigated using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and flexural tests. In the second part, the mechanical properties of nanoclay-filled FRP composites were studied. The FRP composite laminates were fabricated using vacuum bagging techniques. The specimens were tested for flexural and short beam shear tests, respectively. The 5 wt% nanoclay content in the carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) composites gave a tremendous enhancement in flexural modulus, flexural strength and ILSS of 40%, 48% and 51%, respectively, when compared to the neat CFRP system. For glass fiber reinforced polymer composites (GFRP) composites, 5 wt% nanoclay content also gave a significantly improvement on flexural modulus, flexural strength and ILSS of about 37%, 80% and 63%, respectively, when compared to the neat GFRP system. Lastly, hybrid [G^Js composites with 5 wt% nanoclay also gave the highest flexural modulus, flexural strength and ILSS with 32%, 53% and 39%, respectively when compared to the pure hybrid system.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Amir, Widia WahyuniUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Item ID: 17811
Uncontrolled Keywords: flexural properties; Nanoclay-modified fiber; Polymer composites
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 06:41
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17811

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