Today's biodiversity for a sustainable tomorrow / Mohd Nazip Suratman

UNSPECIFIED, ed. (2017) Today's biodiversity for a sustainable tomorrow / Mohd Nazip Suratman. Professorial Lecture . Penerbit UiTM (UiTM Press), Shah Alam. ISBN 9789673633319

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Biodiversity is the combination of the words biological and diversity which combines the concepts of variety of plants, animals and microorganisms that exist, the ecosystems they live in and the genes they contain. We are blessed with abundant biodiversity in Malaysia. The humid tropical climate, great diversity of habitats and the old growth forests in Malaysia are favourable condition for the growth and evolution of flora and fauna. While the number of species in Malaysia is not known with certainty, it is estimated that there are 12,500 to 15,000 flowering plants, 1,159 ferns and fern allies, 513 palms, 3,000 orchids, 432 mosses, 700 fungi, 27,286 species of mammals and 11,736 species of birds exist in the tropical rainforest of Malaysia. We need to preserve and conserve as many individual species and ecosystem as possible because they serve different and important functions. Elsewhere, tropical rainforests, in particular, have provided many beneficial products ranging from natural medicines to biological control agents for agriculture. Therefore, we should not underestimate the importance of conserving biodiversity. Conserving Malaysia's biodiversity will benefit our future generations. To be able to monitor what we are losing or in danger of losing, scientists need work together to inventory what we have which involves census to itemise our biological resources particularly the threatened and rare species. Healthy ecosystem provides services such as fresh air, clean water and prevention of ecological disruptions such as landslides and floods. Forests play important roles in maintaining ecological balance in the environment. They are vital part of the carbon cycle. Forest reduces atmospheric carbon via carbon sequestration, absorbs it from atmosphere then releases. Carbon in the atmosphere is absorbed via the process of photosynthesis. The carbon is then deposited in the leaves, stems, branches and roots as biomass. It also becomes deposited in dead organic matter such as in litter, dead wood and in soils. How well forests will continue to remove carbon now being emitted by anthropogenic activities? How will this affect the rate of carbon increase in the atmosphere? This requires research on the roles of forests and plantations in carbon sequestration by quantifying the magnitude and roles of vegetation in relation to climate change. The impacts of land use changes on carbon storage should also be emphasised as they are vary widely depending on many factors such as soil impacts, residual biomass, duration and proportion of carbon removed from the site. This book will take the readers on a journey that will lead them to understand the species composition and diversity in the Malaysian rainforests and the ecological functions they play. It also provides some topics of interests, with some examples, with regards to endangered tree species in relation to list, categories, factors affecting them and extinction prevention. In addition, the potentials of mangroves, forest plantations and agricultural tree crops in mitigating climate change via carbon sequestration are highlighted. I hope that this book will contribute to the expansion of knowledge and serve as reminder to all of us our responsibility to ensure the survival to today's biodiversity for a sustainable tomorrow.

Item Type: Book
Divisions: Penerbit UiTM (UiTM Press)
Series Name: Professorial Lecture
Item ID: 17777
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiversity
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2017 06:00
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5

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