Ensile properties of kenaf/glass hybrid composite laminates reinforced with nanosilica / Norhashidah Manap

Manap, Norhashidah (2016) Ensile properties of kenaf/glass hybrid composite laminates reinforced with nanosilica / Norhashidah Manap. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Natural fibres have emerged as potential reinforcement materials for composite structure and have gained interests by many researchers due to their lightweight and low cost when compared to synthetics fibres. Substitution materials from synthetic fibre to natural fibre have become a trend in recent years. Kenaf fibres have become one of the best candidates to be used as reinforcing materials in polymer composite. However, the adhesion between natural fibre and polymer is weak due to different polarity of natural fibre and hydrophobic polymer. This causes low mechanical properties of the composite. Therefore, in this research the fibre is treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in order to improve the fibre-matrix adhesion. On top of that, nanosilica particles and glass fibre were also added into the kenaf composite in order to further improve its mechanical properties. This study focuses on the effect of fibre treatment, addition of nanosilica and glass fibre hybridization on tensile properties of kenaf composites. Morphological examination and physical characterization on kenaf and its composites were also conducted. Three different concentrations of sodium hydroxide which are 3, 5 and 7 wt. % were used to soak the natural fibre in order to determine the suitable concentration of sodium hydroxide. The longitudinal and transverse tensile properties of 3, 5 and 7 wt. % NaOH treated kenaf composites were compared. The results showed that the 7 wt. % NaOH treated kenaf fibre composite has the highest longitudinal and transverse tensile strength. Therefore, 7 wt. % NaOH treated kenaf composites was selected to be impregnated with 3 different percentages of nanosilica (5, 13, 25 wt. %). Longitudinal and transverse tensile tests were conducted on the nanosilica filled kenaf composite. In addition, in order to improve the properties of kenaf composite, it was hybridized with glass fibre. The results showed that the additional of 5 wt. % of nanosilica in kenaf composite improved 29.73% of the longitudinal tensile modulus when compared to the pure system. However, a slight decreased in longitudinal tensile strength was recorded. The addition of 13 and 25 wt. % of nanosilica in kenaf composite showed an adverse effect of longitudinal tensile modulus. This may be due to a weak fibrematrix interfacial adhesion because of the presence of nanosilica particles hindered the wetting process of the natural fibre in the matrix. The SEM micrographs showed the evidence of weak interfacial adhesion where fibre pull out and matrix cracking were observed on the fractured specimens. This research contributes to a new knowledge on the effects of fibre treatment, nanosilica inclusion and glass hybridization on tensile properties, morphological and physical properties of kenaf composites.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Manap, NorhashidahUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Item ID: 17635
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf; Hybrid composite; Nanosilica
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17635


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