Antihypercholesterolemig properties of palm oil and curcuma longa extract as single and combination doses in rabbits / Nur Anis Albakry

Albakry, Nur Anis (2014) Antihypercholesterolemig properties of palm oil and curcuma longa extract as single and combination doses in rabbits / Nur Anis Albakry. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Curcuma longa (CL) is known as Turmeric. Palm oil (PO) is the most produced edible vegetable oil in the world. Both CL and PO have medicinal values. This study was carried out to evaluate the antihypercholesterolemic effect of PO and CL extract given in combination to rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet. New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into six groups of six rabbits per group. All groups except one (control normocholesterolemic group) were fed on 1% (w/w) cholesterol-enriched pellet for 8 weeks. Control normocholesterolemic group was fed normal pellet. The rabbits fed with high cholesterol diet were treated daily, orally, for 8 weeks with 5 mg/kg atorvastatin, 1 mL/kg PO, 500 mg/kg CL extract or with PO and CL extract in combination. Blood samples were taken before initiation of treatment and every 4 weeks during the 8 weeks experimental period for measurement of plasma total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG) as well as fibrinogen, cytokines (interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor Alpha (TNF-a)) andliver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase, AST; alkaline phosphatase, ALP; and alanine aminotransferase, ALT). At the end of treatment, the animals were sacrificed and the aortas were excised for histology and immunohistochemistry analysis. Data were analysed by using one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Bonferroni analysis tests. In summary, treatment with PO and CL extract in combination elicited better effects in rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet than treatment with atorvastatin or singly with 1 ml/kg PO or 500 mg/kg CL extract. PO and CL extract in combination significantly decreased the level of serum TC, LDL, TG (p<0.05) and increased the HDL level at week 8 (p<0.05). AST, ALP and ALT levels returned to the normal, similar to that of normocholesterolemic control group. TNF- a or IL-6 levels of treated groups were not different from those of normocholesterolemic control group. The level of fibrinogen dropped significantly from 405.2 mg/dl to 344.8 mg/dl at 8 weeks of treatment with moderate thickening of the arterial wall in aortic sections of the group that received PO and CL in combination. The combination of PO and CL extract also significantly down-regulated expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-selectin. In conclusion, the results provided the effectiveness of treatment with combination of PO and CL extract at reducing hypercholesterolemia in rabbits, comparable to effects of atorvastatin and potentially beneficial at prevention of hyperlipidemia and protection against cardiovascular disease.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Albakry, Nur AnisUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy
Item ID: 17404
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antihypercholesterolemig; Palm oil; Curcuma longa
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2018 06:41
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17404

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