Biocontrol of plant pathogen Phellinus Noxius by selected actinomycetes, bacteria and fungi / Yanti Yaacob

Yaacob, Yanti (2014) Biocontrol of plant pathogen Phellinus Noxius by selected actinomycetes, bacteria and fungi / Yanti Yaacob. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

[img] Text
TM_YANTI YAACOB AS 14_5.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Phellinus noxius which is a plant pathogen, causing brown root rot disease and thereby bringing harm to the plantation industry. In Malaysia, the disease can be found in teak plantations in Selangor, Perak, Kedah and Melaka. A study was conducted to evaluate the antagonistic activities of selected fungal and bacterial species, P.aeruginosa, B.subtilis, Trichoderma sp., TT1 actinomycete, TT2 actinomycete and TT3 actinomycete towards the plant pathogen. The molecular technique was done to identified the 16S rDNA of selected actinomycetes and 18S rDNA of Trichoderma spp.. The TT1 actinomycete known as Streptomyces albulus, TT2 as Streptomyces acrimycini, TT3 as Streptomyces spiralis, and Trichoderma sp. was identified as Hypocrea jecorina which was also known as Trichoderma reseei. All antagonists were found to have antagonistic activities towards the fungal pathogen when evaluated by the dual culture assay on PDA and ISP-2 at 30°C. Trichoderma sp. was the best antagonist shown by the highest percentage inhibition ranging from 14.28% to 100%. Three probable characteristics of antagonisms were identified and they were competitive inhibition, mycoparatism and antibiosis. Trichoderma sp. showed the fastest growth among all antagonists which may indicate that it was able to compete for substrates, nutrients and space with the pathogen. Mycoparasitic interactions were investigated by using light and scanning electron microscopy. The microscopic observations showed that the hyphae of Phellinus noxius shrunk, swelled and became stunted. Activity of chitinolytic enzymes was detected when the antagonists formed clear zones on CYE agar but out of the three actinomycetes, only TT1 and TT3 produced a significant clear zone (> 0.5cm of diameter). Activity of cellulolytic enzymes was detected when the antagonists formed halos on CMC plate assay and the highest enzyme secreted was shown by TT2 actinomycete produced a halo diameter of 1.40cm. Antibiosis was evaluated using cell-free culture filtrate by agar well diffusion bioassay; all antagonists effectively inhibited the plant pathogen except for TT1 actinomycete. Among the three solvents used only methanolic extracts showed positive results. The methanolic extract of P.aeruginosa produced the widest zone of inhibition. Gas Chromatography analysis was done to find out the metabolites produced by these antagonists. All antagonists showed to release potential antifungal compounds and most of them produced at least four significant compounds.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Yaacob, YantiUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 16468
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biocontrol Of Plant Pathogen Phellinusnoxius; Selected Actinomycetes; Bacteria And Fungi
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 04:56
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 2
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16468

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year