Modelling of collapse settlement by effective stress and shear strength interaction for granite residual soil / Ismacahyadi Bagus Mohamed Jais

Mohamed Jais, Ismacahyadi Bagus (2014) Modelling of collapse settlement by effective stress and shear strength interaction for granite residual soil / Ismacahyadi Bagus Mohamed Jais. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

[img]
Preview
Text
ABS_ISMACAHYADI BAGUS MOHAMED JAIS TDRA VOL 6 IGS_14.pdf

Download (415kB) | Preview

Abstract

Over the years, consolidation settlement has always been associated with effective stress increase. However, in unsaturated soils, volume change behaviour of soils due to wetting is always complex due to changes of the soil when it is inundated. The main objectives of this research are to evaluate the simulation of foundations on unsaturated soil using various soil models incorporating loading and wetting collapse of the soil and to verify the settlement behaviour through physical model and laboratory shear strength test on unsaturated soil samples. The double wall triaxial apparatus was used to determine the unsaturated shear strength of the soil following Curved Surface Envelope Soil Shear Strength Model. The Modified Rowe’s cell apparatus was used to model the loading and wetting collapse behaviour of the soil, hence simulate using the Rotational Multiple Yield Surface Framework. The proposed shear strength equation and model for saturated and unsaturated conditions are in good agreements with the Kuala Kubu Baharu granite residual soil, which proves that the Curved Surface Envelope Soil Shear Strength Model is applicable to gravels and granite residual soil with 30 % fines. Hence, the prediction of the stress strain response for every specimen can be established during initial shearing of the specimen producing a general unique relationship between minimum mobilised friction angle, Ømoh against axial strain, ɛₐ. The unique relationship curve follows the true behaviour of soil since the stiffness is related to the resisting strength parameters, which are Ø’moh and ea. A settlement comparison was made between the simulated settlement values and the laboratory modelling showing that the simulation is almost similar to the laboratory modelling and is in good agreements to the laboratory modelling for unsaturated Kuala Kubu Baharu granite residual soil. This showed that significant settlements occurred when the soil is nearly saturated. In conclusion, the shear strength of granite residual soil predicted from the simulation using Curved Surface Envelope Soil Shear Strength Model is in good agreements with the triaxial test results and the wetting collapse settlement can be explained from the simulation and validation using Rotational Multiple Yield Surface Framework. In fact, the experimental results agreed with the simulation and formulation produced from this model and framework, hence, the complex wetting collapse behaviour of unsaturated soil can be explained and predicted with this fundamental approach.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Mohamed Jais, Ismacahyadi BagusUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering
Item ID: 16414
Uncontrolled Keywords: Collapse settlement; Shear strength; Granite residual soil
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2018 06:15
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16414

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year