Program planning from Ralph Tyler's and Malcom Knowles' point of view / Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir Syed Mohamad

Syed Mohamad, Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir (2007) Program planning from Ralph Tyler's and Malcom Knowles' point of view / Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir Syed Mohamad. The National Journal of Education Development, 1. pp. 33-38. ISSN 1985-2002

Abstract

This paper discusses the views of Ralph Tyler and Malcom Knowles on Program Planning. Tyler, the founder of classical point of view proposed four basic principles in planning a program which are define objectives, preferably in behavior terms; identify learning experience that will meet these objectives; organize the learning experience into a plan that has scope and sequence and evaluate the outcomes. On the other hand, Knowles who introduced the concept of Andragogy proposed seven basic principles that are establishment of a climate conducive to adult learning; creation of an organizational structure for participative planning; diagnosis of needs for learning; formulation of direction or learning (objectives); development of a design of activities; operation of the activities; and rediagnosis of needs for learning (evaluation). Similarities and differences are found between these two views but they share the same objective which is to enhance better learning outcome.

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Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Syed Mohamad, Syed Jamal Abdul NasirUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Management. Industrial Management > Planning. Business planning. Strategic planning
Divisions: Institute of Education Development (InED)
Journal or Publication Title: The National Journal of Education Development
ISSN: 1985-2002
Volume: 1
Page Range: pp. 33-38
Item ID: 16175
Uncontrolled Keywords: Program planning; Ralph Tyler's; Malcom Knowles'
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16175

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