Program planning from Ralph Tyler's and Malcom Knowles' point of view / Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir Syed Mohamad

Syed Mohamad, Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir (2007) Program planning from Ralph Tyler's and Malcom Knowles' point of view / Syed Jamal Abdul Nasir Syed Mohamad. The National Journal of Education Development, 1. pp. 33-38. ISSN 1985-2002

Abstract

This paper discusses the views of Ralph Tyler and Malcom Knowles on Program Planning. Tyler, the founder of classical point of view proposed four basic principles in planning a program which are define objectives, preferably in behavior terms; identify learning experience that will meet these objectives; organize the learning experience into a plan that has scope and sequence and evaluate the outcomes. On the other hand, Knowles who introduced the concept of Andragogy proposed seven basic principles that are establishment of a climate conducive to adult learning; creation of an organizational structure for participative planning; diagnosis of needs for learning; formulation of direction or learning (objectives); development of a design of activities; operation of the activities; and rediagnosis of needs for learning (evaluation). Similarities and differences are found between these two views but they share the same objective which is to enhance better learning outcome.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Syed Mohamad, Syed Jamal Abdul NasirUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Management. Industrial Management > Planning. Business planning. Strategic planning
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Institute Of Continuing Education & Professional Studies (iCEPS)
Journal or Publication Title: The National Journal of Education Development
ISSN: 1985-2002
Volume: 1
Page Range: pp. 33-38
Item ID: 16175
Uncontrolled Keywords: Program planning; Ralph Tyler's; Malcom Knowles'
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16175

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