Mechanical and physical properties of fiberboard bonded by palm-based polyurethane resin at different equivalent weight ratios and hot pressing temperatures / Mohd Norhisham Sattar

Sattar, Mohd Norhisham (2015) Mechanical and physical properties of fiberboard bonded by palm-based polyurethane resin at different equivalent weight ratios and hot pressing temperatures / Mohd Norhisham Sattar. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Medium density fibreboard is normally produced with urea-formaldehyde (UF) and/or phenol-fonnaldehyde adhesives. However, the former is considerably toxic and environmentally damaging where the formaldehyde emissions are found to cause negative health effects such as cancer. As an alternative, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has developed a new material based binder free from formaldehyde which is based on environmentally friendly vegetable oil-based polymer such as polyurethane (PU). In this study, palm-based PU resin was used as a binder and rubberwood as the fiber in the production of medium density fiberboard (MDF). The palm-based PU resin was prepared by mixing between palm-based polyol and isocyanate at three different equivalent ratios 1:1.5, 1:2.0 and 1:2.5 and dilute in ethyl acetate as solvent. The palm-based PU resin properties were characterized by using back titration of isocyanate (NCO), particle size distribution, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thennogravimetry analysis (TGA). In the production of MDF, the palm-based PU resin with different equivalent weight ratios was sprayed at four different percentages of palm-based PU resin 3, 5, 7 and 10% based on weight of rubberwood fibers under high pressure to pulverize the resin for optimal distribution. After cool press, the fibers mats was pressed to 12mm using a hydraulic press heated at different temperatures (100, 150 and 180°C) for 5 minutes. The physical and mechanical properties of MDF were measured by modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), internal bonding strength (IB), thickness swelling (TS) and moisture content (MC) of MDF based on European Standard (EN 622- 5, 2006). The results of characterization palm-based PU resin through back titration of isocyanate showed the free isocyanate of palm-based PU resin produced at ratios of 1:1.5 and 1:2.0 and 1:2.5 are 5.53%, 8.48% and 13.52%. Meanwhile, the degradation processes of palm-based PU resin were started at 340°C in the TGA. The formation of isocyanate (NCO) group was observed at 2270 cm'1 in the FTIR spectrum, it clearly showed the presence of isocyanate group in the palm-based PU resin. The averages of particle size of palm-based PU resin showed the single pick indicated that homogeneous distribution of a narrow particle size. However, after one week it was observed the palm-based PU resin was clearly separate two layer. In the first phase study, three types of palm-based PU resin were evaluated with different equivalent ratios between palm-based polyol and isocyanate which were at 1:1.5, 1:2.0 and 1:2.5. It was found that the amount palm-based PU resin as a binder was 7% with equivalent ratios of 1:2.0 which resulted in the better strengths and enough to meet all the minimum and maximum requirements of European Standard (EN 622-5, 2006). The second phase study was determined the effect of hot pressing temperatures in order to assess the minimum temperature that gave the better results and significant reduction in production cost. Three hot pressing temperatures (100, 150 and 180°C) and four different percentages of palm-based resin (3, 5, 7 and 10%) use as a binder were chosen to evaluate the effect on the physical and mechanical properties. It was found that the temperature at 180°C with 7% of palm-based PU resin which resulted in the better strengths and met all minimum and maximum of European Standard (EN 622-5, 2006). In conclusion, the ratio of palm-based PU resin prepared was 1:2.0 required that met all the European Standard requirements (EN 622-5, 2006) was 7% with hot pressing temperature at 180°C.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Sattar, Mohd NorhishamUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Biochemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Thermochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 15795
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanical and physical properties; Fiberboard; Palm-based polyurethane resin
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2016 07:39
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 1
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/15795

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