Knowledge, attitude and perceived practice of asthma among urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia And Lahore, Pakistan / Waqas Akram

Akram, Waqas (2015) Knowledge, attitude and perceived practice of asthma among urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia And Lahore, Pakistan / Waqas Akram. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Community pharmacists play a significant role in the proper management of asthma because of their unique position and extended roles in the community as a healthcare team member. Hence, knowledge, attitude and perceived practice (KAPP) of asthma among community phannacists can influence the effectiveness of the treatment. This study was conducted to determine KAPP of asthma among urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia, and Lahore, Pakistan. The aim of the study was to investigate the differences in the scores ofKAPP of asthma among urban community pharmacists in two different states and countries, to determine the correlation of knowledge of asthma with attitude and perceived practice of asthma, and to determine the predictors and their effects that lead to different level of KAPP of asthma among urban community pharmacists in two different states and countries. In this cross-sectional study, 150 urban community pharmacists were recruited from Selangor, Malaysia, and 170 from Lahore, Pakistan, via a convenience sampling design. The self-administered instruments were disseminated directly to the consented respondents. The instrument consisted of socio-demographic data, knowledge (n = 23 items), attitude (n = 10 items) and perceived practice (n = 22 items) of asthma. Similar findings as in pilot study, the instrument used in this study was found to be valid «modem test theory (MTT) (Rasch-Model) and classical test theory (CTT) (factor analysis)) and reliable (MTT (Rasch-Model) and CTT (internal consistency)). The level of asthma knowledge among Malaysian urban community pharmacists was moderate (M = 12.93, ±SD = 3.46) and significantly lower than those scored by Pakistani urban community pharmacists (M = 15.35, ±SD = 2.78). Overall the level of attitude toward asthma was good, significant (p = 0.00) higher with mean (±SD) score of 45.26 (±3.25) obtained by Malaysian than that obtained by Pakistani pharmacists (36.30 (±1.32)). The mean (±SD) score of perceived practice of asthma among Malaysian urban community pharmacists was 99.29 (±4.58) that indicated very good perceived practice of asthma but in Lahore, Pakistan, the mean (±SD) score of perceived practice of asthma was significantly (p = 0.00) lower (79.77 (±3.21) but still at a good level. Statistical significant mean differences (p < 0.05) were found in the KAPP of asthma scores for age, education level and number of working hours in all respondents. Overall, the correlation between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and perceived practice, and attitude and perceived practice of asthma was significantly (p < 0.05) positive moderate (r = 0.306) negative moderate (r = -0.366), and positive high (r = 0.919), respectively. Multiple Regression analysis showed that the selected study predictors insignificantly explained 7.4%, 3.8%, 8.5% of variation in the KAPP of asthma in all respondents, respectively. Logistic regression showed that none of the selected study variables predicted KAPP of asthma among community pharmacists in both states and countries.Interestingly, overall, age, education level and number of working hours had significant effect on the attitude and perceived practice of asthma management. Community pharmacists identified time and patient related factors as the major barriers to the provision of asthma services. In Malaysia, knowledge of asthma among urban community pharmacists needs to be enhanced whereas in Pakistan, urban community pharmacists need to improve in KAPP of asthma to fulfil their current role for better management of asthma. Therefore, attendance to continuous asthma education programmes would benefited community pharmacists in providing excellence pharmaceutical care to asthma patients.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Akram, WaqasUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Medical centers. Hospitals. Dispensaries. Clinics
Divisions: Faculty of Pharmacy
Item ID: 15287
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community pharmacists; Management of asthma; healthcare team; Urban community pharmacists
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2016 01:25
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 2
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/15287

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