Enhancement of tensile strength of oil palm mesocarp fiber/poly(butylene succinate) biocomposite via superheated steam-alkali treatment of oil palm mesocarp fiber / Yoon Yee Then ... [et al.]

Yoon, Yee Then and Ibrahim, NorAzowa and Zainuddin, Norhazlin and Ariffin, Hidayah and Wan Yunus, Wan MdZin (2014) Enhancement of tensile strength of oil palm mesocarp fiber/poly(butylene succinate) biocomposite via superheated steam-alkali treatment of oil palm mesocarp fiber / Yoon Yee Then ... [et al.]. Scientific Research Journal, 11 (2). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1675-7009

Abstract

Natural fiber is incompatible with hydrophobic polymer due to its hydrophilic nature. Therefore, surface modification of fiber is needed to impart compatibility. In this work,superheated steam (SHS)-alkali was introduced as novel surface treatment method to modify oil palm mesocarp fiber (OPMF) for fabrication of biocomposites. The OPMF was first pre-treated with SHS and subsequently treated with varying NaOH concentration (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5%) and soaking time (1, 2, 3 and 4h) at room temperature. The biocomposites were then fabricated by melt blending of 70 wt% SHS-alkali treated-OPMFs and 30 wt% poly(butylene succinate) in a Brabender internal mixer followed by hot-pressed moulding. The combination treatment resulted in fiber with rough surface as well as led to the exposure ofmicrofibers. The tensile test result showed that fiber treated at 2% NaOH solution and 3h soaking time produced biocomposite with highest improvement in tensile strength (69%) and elongation at break (36%) in comparison to that of untreated OPMF.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Yoon, Yee ThenUNSPECIFIED
Ibrahim, NorAzowaUNSPECIFIED
Zainuddin, NorhazlinUNSPECIFIED
Ariffin, HidayahUNSPECIFIED
Wan Yunus, Wan MdZinUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC)
Journal or Publication Title: Scientific Research Journal
Journal: UiTM Journal > Scientific Research Journal
ISSN: 1675-7009
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 1-12
Item ID: 12425
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkali treatment, Biocomposites, Oil palm mesocarp fiber, Poly(butylene succinate), Superheated steam
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/12425

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