Finite element implementation to predict failure of composite laminate / Mastura Abdul Rahim

Abdul Rahim, Mastura (2016) Finite element implementation to predict failure of composite laminate / Mastura Abdul Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

The engineering applications using composite materials are widely growth due to the high strength to weight ratio. It is crucial to understand the failure of composite laminates to enhance the full potential of composite materials. Nevertheless, performing experiments to obtain the strength of failure is tedious and expensive procedure. Thus, a reliable failure prediction tools are needed. This study aims to develop finite element model of laminated composite plate subjected to the uniaxial and biaxial tension load to predict failure. A significant feature of the methodology is it rely on customized user-subroutines of FE programme (MATLAB) and on the analysis capability of the FE software (ANSYS) to predict failure of composite laminates. High Order Shear Deformation Theory (HSDT) is employed to model deformation and stress of laminated composite plate. The stress obtained is used in the failure criteria (Maximum stress theory and Tsai Wu) to predict the first ply failure (FPF) and last ply failure (LPF) of laminated plates. Two case studies were carried out using analytical method in order to validate the FE programme (MATLAB). Four numerical case studies are performed as numerical assessment and the results of FE computational approaches (MATLAB and ANSYS) are compared with available experimental results which the maximum errors were found 23.42% (ANSYS), 22.72% (MATLAB) and 8.45% (ANSYS), 8.09% (MATLAB) for Case study 1 and 2, respectively. The results of numerical assessment have shown that the FE programme (MATLAB) gives a better prediction in failure analysis for the laminated composite plate. It proves that the FE programme using MATLAB has the ability to perform failure analysis of composite laminates more accurate compared to the FE software package (ANSYS). This study is significant and contributed to enhance knowledge about the failure behaviour of laminated composite plate.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Finite element; Composite laminate
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Engineering mathematics. Engineering analysis
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Engineering mathematics. Engineering analysis > Finite element method
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 03:19
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2017 03:19
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17676

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