A review on biodiesel production from rubber seed oil (RSO) as an alternative fuel in Malaysia / Balqis Ayob

Ayob, Balqis (2016) A review on biodiesel production from rubber seed oil (RSO) as an alternative fuel in Malaysia / Balqis Ayob. Student Project. Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Jasin, Melaka. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Fossil fuel is the types of non-renewable natural resources. Provide that, rate of consumption fossil fuel is increasing every years. To make sure the rate of dependence hundred percent on uses of fossil fuel will reduce in human life, rubber seed oil (RSO) is seeing as good of alternative in context of biodiesel fuel. The purpose this review is to evaluate the potential of rubber seed oil as replacement or as substance that can mix with diesel fuel to increase the impact of human life. This review is focusing on the processing of production biodiesel from RSO and evaluate the beneficial of RSO. In addition, it also review the challenges on uses of RSO as biodiesel in Malaysia. The process of RSO is started where the rubber seed that collected from field needed to separate the kernels from shells using the cracking machine and produce the oil through oil extraction. During the trans-esterification process, RSO need use the acid and base/alkali catalyzed to reduce the higher FFA content and separate methyl ester from the water content using methanol. After that, the oil must pass through the filtering process to remove impurities and lastly, oil will dry through drying process before saving in the tank. The RSO actually give beneficial on environmental impact and human life because this types of biodiesel is a 'greener' energy where it is nontoxic, better quality exhaust gases, biodegradability and renewability of resources. However, application RSO as biodiesel have challenges because Malaysia facing problem to get new technology for production biodiesel diesel from RSO in large scales. As a conclusion, RSO have bigger potential to produce biodiesel fuel and this review support the fact that the oil from rubber seed can become as one of alternative to overcome the problem is searching the sources from no edible vegetable oils.

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel production; Rubber seed oil (RSO); Alternative fuel
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic polymers
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka > Jasin Campus
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitan 2
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 08:51
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2017 08:51
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17323

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