Optimization of exposure parameters in digital mammography: breast phantom study / Hairenanorashikin Sharip

Sharip, Hairenanorashikin (2013) Optimization of exposure parameters in digital mammography: breast phantom study / Hairenanorashikin Sharip. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

This experimental study investigated the effect of kVp variation on image quality and dose. This study also identified the significance difference in image quality and dose between Mo/Mo and Mo/Rh combination, and also the significance difference in image quality and dose between different AOP. CIRS012A and PMMA breast phantom (4cm, 5cm and 6 cm thickness) were used as subject. Study was done at Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur using Senographe Essential FFDM and Diamond GE system. TLD chip was used as dose measurement tool. Exposures were taken using Mo/Mo combination (26kVp, 28kVp and 30kVp) and Mo/Rh combination (28kVp, 30kVp and 32kVp) in cranio-caudal projection using AEC and AOP mode. SPSS 21.0 was used as statistical tool. Criteria of image quality assessment were adapted from ACR 1999, Mammography QC. 2 experienced radiographer with at least 10 years of working experience in performing mammography scored the image independently. Kappa finds a good agreement between raters (kappa value=0.9, p<0.01). Correlation test has shown a significant inverse relationship between kVp and dose in all thickness of breast with excellent correlation (p<0.01, r=-0.9), except for 6cm breast in Mo/Mo combination (p=0.27, r=0.7). In Mo/Mo selection, an increased in kVp value by 1 will result in a decreased of AGD value by 0.26mGy in 4cm thickness (p<0.01, b=-0.26) and 0.57mGy in 5cm thickness (p<0.01, b=-0.57). In 6cm thickness of Mo/Mo combination, 1 kVp increased of tube voltage had caused an increased of AGD value by 0.84mGy (p=0.027, b=0.84).While for Mo/Rh selection, an increased in kVp value by 1 will result in a decreased of AGD value by .7mGy in 4cm thickness (p<0.01, b=-0.7), 0.15mGy in 5cm thickness (p<0.01, b=-0.15) and 0.3mGy in 6cm thickness (p<0.01, b=-0.3). Spearman correlation showed that there is no significant relationship between kVp and image quality (p>0.05). Independent t-test had shown a significant difference in dose value between Mo/Mo and Mo/Rh for 4cm breast thickness (p=0.046). However, there is no significant difference between Mo/Mo and Mo/Rh combination in image quality (p>0.05). One way ANOVA showed a significant difference in dose between CNT and DOSE in AOP mode (p=0.013). However, there is no significant difference in image quality between CNT, DOSE and STD (p>0.05). Study finds that 30kVp in Mo/Rh is the optimum exposure factor to be used regardless of breast thickness. STD and DOSE mode is the preferred selection in optimizing between dose and image quality.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exposure parameters; Digital mammography; Breast phantom study
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Radiography
Divisions: Faculty of Health Science
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 09:28
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2017 09:28
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16384

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