Siltation modeling for Selangor Dam in Hulu Selangor / Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Junaidah Ariffin and Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Sr Suhaimi Abdul Talib

Ariffin, Junaidah (Assoc Prof Ir. Dr.) and Abdul Talib, Suhaimi (Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Sr) (2006) Siltation modeling for Selangor Dam in Hulu Selangor / Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Junaidah Ariffin and Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Sr Suhaimi Abdul Talib. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Reservoir sedimentation is a serious problem that warrants intensive investigation. Once operational, the inflow sediments will gradually accumulate within the dam area due to reduction in the velocity of flow. Subsequently, this reduces the storage capacity of the reservoir and increases maintenance operation. Thus, sediment monitoring and sampling is highly required to estimate the rate of deposition of sediment in a dam so that necessary measures can be taken to prevent loss of benefits. In this study, field hydraulics and sediment data were used in the development of a sediment model. Data were extracted from three river systems namely Sungai Selangor, Sungai Gerachi and Sungai Luit. Sungai Selangor and Sungai Luit are the two major rivers that flow into the Sungai Selangor Dam which was developed and constructed for source of water supply. The simulation of sediment deposition in a reservoir using any mathematical modeling can be further enhanced using the derived multi-layer perceptron (MLP) sediment model. In this study, the developed 3-layer MLP network structure model is proposed for Sungai Selangor to facilitate in the estimation of sediment deposition in the reservoir area of Sungai Selangor Dam. Four independent variables namely relative roughness on the bed (R/dso), ratio of shear velocity and fall velocity (U*/Ws), ratio of shear velocity and average velocity (U*/V) and the Froude Number (V Igy) were used as input variables in the input layer and the total sediment load Qr as the output variable. Range of discrepancy ratios of 0.5-2.0, 0.5-1.75, 0.25-1.5 and 0.75-1.75 were used as measures of accuracy of the derived model. Discrepancy ratio is the ratio of the predicted or calculated sediment load to the measured sediment load. In the training phase, 86.8% of the data lies within the discrepancy ratio of 0.5 - 2.0 and a perfect 100% of the data lies within the same discrepancy ratio for the observed flow range. Values of R in both the training and testing phases are 0.584 and 0.800 respectively. The root mean square errors show favourable results in comparison to the average sediment load for both testing and training phases. Under normal weather flow pattern the graphs of inflow and outflow sediments exhibit a polynomial behaviour. The annual sediment volume was approximated to be 23,000 m . With sediment size range between 0.063 mm to 2.5 mm, the amount of sediment trapped in the reservoir is 100%. The time for the sediments to fill up half of its dead storage capacity was found to be 108.9 years. The above estimated time is valid under normal flow conditions and does not take into consideration any abnormality in the behaviour of rainfall and discharge (high intensity rainfall with high sediment transport rate) and for as long as there is no significant change in the geography and land-use development within the catchment in close proximity to the flood plain.

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Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
Creators
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Ariffin, Junaidah (Assoc Prof Ir. Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Abdul Talib, Suhaimi (Assoc Prof Ir. Dr. Sr)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > Sources of water supply
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC) > Institute of Research, Development and Commercialization (IRDC)
Item ID: 49022
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dam, Multi-layer perceptron, Sediment deposition, Sediment transport, Hulu Selangor
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/49022

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