Production of biodiesel from waste cooking oil using bentonite catalysts / Noraini Hamzah … [et al.]

Hamzah, Noraini and Yusof, Izyan and Samad, Wan Zurina and Saleh, Sabiha Hanim and Ahmad Tajuddin, Nazrizawati and Ibrahim, Mohd Lokman (2021) Production of biodiesel from waste cooking oil using bentonite catalysts / Noraini Hamzah … [et al.]. Journal of Academia, 9. pp. 139-144. ISSN 2289-6368

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Abstract

Demand for diesel continues to increase due to rapid population growth, which could contribute to fossil fuel exhaustion. Biodiesel has been widely developed as a replacement for conventional diesel to resolve the issue. Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil (WCO) was carried out via the transesterification process using two types of bentonite catalysts, which are raw bentonite and NaOH/bentonite. By using the impregnation method, the NaOH/bentonite catalyst was synthesized at 60°C for 12 hours. The transesterification was conducted with 0.5wt% of catalyst, at 15:1 (methanolto-oil), for 2 hours at different reaction temperatures. The characterization of both raw bentonite and NaOH/bentonite was done using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Brunauer, Emmett, Teller (BET) surface characterization. A high yield of FAMEs (72%) was found to be obtained in continuous stirring at 55ºC for 2 hours and 15:1 methanol/oil molar ratio with 0.5wt.% (0.15g) of NaOH/bentonite catalyst.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
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Hamzah, Noraini
UNSPECIFIED
Yusof, Izyan
UNSPECIFIED
Samad, Wan Zurina
UNSPECIFIED
Saleh, Sabiha Hanim
UNSPECIFIED
Ahmad Tajuddin, Nazrizawati
UNSPECIFIED
Ibrahim, Mohd Lokman
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Academia
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Academia (JoA)
ISSN: 2289-6368
Volume: 9
Page Range: pp. 139-144
Item ID: 48564
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, waste cooking oil, bentonite catalysts
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/48564

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48564

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