Liabilities of designer towards variation cost in commercial buildings in Kuching, Sarawak / Nurlıyana Borhan and Ezlına Mohd Ahnuar

Borhan, Nurlıyana and Mohd Ahnuar, Ezlına (2018) Liabilities of designer towards variation cost in commercial buildings in Kuching, Sarawak / Nurlıyana Borhan and Ezlına Mohd Ahnuar. In: 3rd Undergraduate Seminar on Built Environment and Technology 2018 (USBET2018), September 2018, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perak Branch.

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Abstract

Variation order is inevitable in construction industry.There are various reasons contributing to the issuance of instruction requiring for variations. Among the reasons for variations is changes of reuirement from the client. This research is looking into the reasons caused by designers. The contention is that the client may have to incur unnecessary extra cost to complete the building due to the mistakes in design by
the said designers. This research aims to determine the liability of designer towards variation cost in commercial buildings in Kuching, Sarawak. The specific objectives of this research are to investigate the common causes of variation orders by designers and to determine the liability of designers towards variation order. A questionnaire was sent to 89 respondents in Kuching, which comprise of consultant,
contractor and client. Results shows that the top three (3) causes of variation order in the consultant’s and contractor’s perspectives are drawing modification, change in specification errrors and omission in design. All of these reasons were supported by court cases, in which it has been decided by the court that in the event of negligence on the part of the designers that subsequently causes the client to suffer losses,
the designers may be held liable. From the client’s perspective, drawing modification, conflicts between
contract document and errors and omission in design were the main reasons for variation. As for the consequences, the clients is due to lack of information gave to designers, they had to develop design base on their perception.It can be concluded that none of the construction can be 100% completed according to the design or scope of work that has been agreed in the contract.

Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Creators:
Creators
Email
Borhan, Nurlıyana
nnbrhn1906@gmail.com
Mohd Ahnuar, Ezlına
ezlina961@salam.uitm.edu.my
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Architecture as a profession. Architects
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Architectural drawing and design
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying > Malaysia
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying > Skyscrapers
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Seri Iskandar Campus
Event Title: 3rd Undergraduate Seminar on Built Environment and Technology 2018 (USBET2018)
Event Dates: September 2018
Page Range: pp. 276-284
Official URL: https://icrp2018.wixsite.com/icrp18
Item ID: 47552
Uncontrolled Keywords: Designers; Variation Order; Consultants; Liability
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/47552

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47552

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