Extraction and Characterization of Cellulose from Jackfruit Rind (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) / Wahida Abdul Rahman, Noor Aishatun Majid and Siti Fatimah Abd Razak

Abdul Rahman, Wahida and Majid, Noor Aishatun and Abd Rahman, Siti Fatimah (2019) Extraction and Characterization of Cellulose from Jackfruit Rind (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) / Wahida Abdul Rahman, Noor Aishatun Majid and Siti Fatimah Abd Razak. Science Letters (ScL), 13 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN (eISSN) 2682-8626

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Abstract

In this study, jackfruit cellulose was extracted by undergoing two steps; bleaching and alkaline treatment. The first step was the production of holocellulose by using bleaching method that removed the lignin from the jackfruit rind (JR). Next step was converting the holocellulose into cellulose by using alkaline treatment at room temperature. The percentage of cellulose extracted from JR in this study was 40% which was higher than the previous research. The characterizations of extracted JR cellulose were investigated by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). FTIR confirmed that the removal of non-cellulosic components in the jackfruit fibre and the micrograph by SEM displayed a rough surface indicated the presence of the cellulose fibre. Based on this study, JR has the potential to be used as a reinforcement element in composite materials.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
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Abdul Rahman, Wahida
UNSPECIFIED
Majid, Noor Aishatun
UNSPECIFIED
Abd Rahman, Siti Fatimah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Science Letters (ScL)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Science Letters (ScL)
ISSN: (eISSN) 2682-8626
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-7
Item ID: 47048
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: alkaline treatment, bleaching process, cellulose, holocellulose, jackfruit rind
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/47048

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47048

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