Lead and cadmium contamination in freshwater fish and potential health risk in a fish farming center / Hamizah Mustaffar

Mustaffar, Hamizah (2013) Lead and cadmium contamination in freshwater fish and potential health risk in a fish farming center / Hamizah Mustaffar. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: Fish are important for human diet in many parts of the world because they contribute to solve the global food problem and provide the well known proteins, omega-3, minerals, vitamins and also a vital source of heavy metal. The common heavy metals that are found in fish are copper, zinc, mercury, arsenic, chromium, cadmium and lead. Fish as among the highest consumers in aquatic food web have high risk to be exposed to the metal pollution. Metals can be taken into fish through respiration, direct absorption and feeding. The objective of this study is to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Pb and Cd) in the tissue of fish in a fish farming centre, to compare the levels of heavy metals contamination in different species of fish Clarias Batrachus (Linn) and Oreochromis Niloticus and to determine the heavy metal concentration in pond water and fish pellet
Methodology: Fish, pond water and pellet samples were collected from fish farming centre in Kampung Ulu Sungai Buloh, Alor Gajah, Melaka. These samples were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) AA 800 model Perkin Elmer. Other method used for data collection is questionnaire. All data were tested will be analyze by SPSS v18 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences)
Results: Concentration of Pb and Cd were found in Clarias Batrachus (Linn) and Oreochromis Niloticus. The mean concentration of Pb in Clarias Batrachus (Linn) (0.5216 mg/kg) is higher than Oreochromis Niloticus (0.4295 mg/kg). While for Cd, the mean of Clarias Batrachus (Linn) (0.1056 mg/kg) were also higher than the Oreochromis Niloticus 0.0844 mg/kg. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in Pb and Cd contamination between these two species of fish. Health Risk Assessment show that the Hazard index (HI) is less than 1 for both Cd and Pb.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the heavy rnetals concentration of Cd and Pb in these two types of fish were found to be lower than the recommended maximum level allowed in
food by Malaysian Food Regulation 1985. Health Risk Assessment of the heavy metal indicated that the fish from the fish farming centre is safe to be consumed.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mustaffar, Hamizah
2009446218
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hussain, Hazilia
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Toxicology. Poisons
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Food and food supply in relation to public health
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 44187
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heavy Metals, Clarias Batrachus (Linn), Oreochromis Niloticus, Health Risk Assessment
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44187

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