Heavy metals in edible seaweeds and its potential health risk / Fadilah Mohammad Aris

Mohammad Aris, Fadilah (2013) Heavy metals in edible seaweeds and its potential health risk / Fadilah Mohammad Aris. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: Heavy metals exist in many forms in the environment we live. As rapid pace of industrialization as well as indiscriminate human activities occurred, the geochemical cycles and biochemical balance of heavy metals in the nature has been drastically altered. Human bodies are exposed to heavy metals through the breathed air, water and food consumed (Singh et al., 2011 ). The traditional use of seaweeds as food in China, Japan and Korea has moved along when people from these countries migrated around the world. Seaweeds is consumed by small pockets of the population along the coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Ismail and Hong, 2002). Objectives: To determine heavy metals concentration in edible seaweeds and its potential health risk on human. Methodology: Cross sectional study was implemented whereby sixty samples of edible seaweeds imported from China and Korea were taken from several markets in Selangor. The samples were treated with wet acid digestion and subjected to Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for analysis of arsenic, cadmium and lead. Hazard Index (HI) was also determined. Results: The average concentration of cadmium and lead contravene the Malaysian Food Act 1983 Standard for cadmium of 1 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg for lead. There are significant difference between the concentration of arsenic, cadmium and lead in laminaria seaweed from China and Korea. HI for cadmium exposure is more than 1. Conclusion: HI indicates that people whom exposed to seaweeds with 0.00131 mg/kg/day of cadmium may develop potential adverse health effect. Industrialization in China leads to higher heavy metals concentration. Recommendation: The importation of seaweeds should be made with more precautious especially seaweeds from China.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mohammad Aris, Fadilah
2009213156
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ahmad, Hashim
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Toxicology. Poisons
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Food and food supply in relation to public health
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 44157
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heavy metals, seaweeds, HI.
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44157

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