Detection of alkaloid from silk, husk and corncob of Zea mays (CORN) extract / Mohd Zahrul Radzi Razali

Razali, Mohd Zahrul Radzi (2019) Detection of alkaloid from silk, husk and corncob of Zea mays (CORN) extract / Mohd Zahrul Radzi Razali. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Other than wheat and rice, com also one of the most produced cereal crops in the world and has become the third most important cereal crops. The waste material of com such as silk, husk and corncob is usually burned down and will cause environmental problems such as air pollution. Hence, this study provided a new knowledge to the people about the usefulness of the natural compound found in the waste material of com that can be used in human health. This study was conducted to detect the presence of alkaloid in silk, husk and corncob of com from three different locations using thin layer chromatography (TLC) technique. The samples were collected from com plantation at Kuala Pilah, Bahau and Terachi then were sonicated and centrifuged with the ratio of 1 :4 of chloroform and methanol. TLC was performed by using a drop of the supernatant obtained on the TLC plate at running solvent of 1 :4, 2:3, 3:2 and 4:1. Unfortunately, the first result obtained failed due to spot was not detected using short wave UV lamp. Therefore, after . sprayed with Vanillin reagent the TLC spot was successfully presented by using running solvent of 2:3. All samples from Bahau showed the best spot whereby it was much clearer and bigger followed by Terachi and Kuala Pilah. From the result, samples from Kuala Pilah showed the presence of unknown alkaloid A, B, C and D while samples from Bahau showed the presence of unknown alkaloid E, F, G and Hand lastly, samples from Terachi showed the presence of unknown alkaloid E, D, I and J. Surprisingly, unknown F was suspected as 9-methoxycanthin-6-one, an antiovarian cancer alkaloid compound with the Rf value of 0.83 was detected from the husk of Bahau sample. In conclusion, qualitative analysis using TLC showed the presence of alkaloid in silk, husk and corncob of com from 3 different locations which are Kuala Pilah, Bahau and Terachi. Therefore, future study can be pursued in determining the concentration of specific alkaloid within the silk, husk and corncob of com by using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Razali, Mohd Zahrul Radzi
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Noormi, Dr. Rosli
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology > Alkaloids
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Item ID: 44151
Uncontrolled Keywords: Detection, alkaloid, silk, husk, corncob, Zea mays, CORN
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44151

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