Cartoon controversy: semiotic analysis of political cartoon by Zunar Portraying the issue of 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) / Syaza Marina Ramli and Mokhtar Muhammad

Ramli, Syaza Marina and Muhammad, Mokhtar (2019) Cartoon controversy: semiotic analysis of political cartoon by Zunar Portraying the issue of 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) / Syaza Marina Ramli and Mokhtar Muhammad. Journal of Media and Information Warfare, 12 (1). pp. 73-116. ISSN 1985-563X

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Abstract

As 1MDB rose into one of the most controversial issue in the political arena, a Malaysian cartoonist known as Zunar took the storm as well for constantly being arrested for a crime of provocative political drawings believed to mock the government and the leaders. The results of this study would provide insights into understanding the meanings and determine the real depictions behind his caricature drawings on the event of 1MDB. This study analyses the semiotic meanings behind the illustrations made by Zunar and the most prominent political cartoon elements he used in the illustration to portray the controversial political issue of 1MDB. The study employed a qualitative content analysis as the mode of the research. Two instruments namely coding sheets were used: an adopted standardised coding sheet designed by U.S. National Archives and Record Administration to analyse the cartoons – visual, words, and colour, and another coding sheet which was constructed based on standardised elements of political cartoons – symbolism, exaggeration, labelling, analogy, and irony – by Library of Congress and Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library Foundation. Results on the semiotic meanings of Zunar’s drawings on 1MDB issue showed that he was depicting the real-life events, and mocking political individuals involved accordingly to facts and news released several days before his cartoons were published. Most of his works contained elements of political cartoons without crossing rules that would sometimes were done excessively by other political cartoonists. Keywords:

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email
Ramli, Syaza Marina
syaza.marina@gmail.com
Muhammad, Mokhtar
mokhtar413@uitm.edu.my
Subjects: J Political Science > JF Political institutions and public administration > Political parties. Political campaigns
J Political Science > JF Political institutions and public administration > Politics, Practical
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Communication and Media Studies > Centre for Media and Information Warfare Studies (CMIWS)
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Media and Information Warfare
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Media and Information Warfare (JMIW)
ISSN: 1985-563X
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 73-116
Official URL: https://jmiw.uitm.edu.my
Item ID: 42583
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1MDB, Caricature, Political cartoon, Semiotic, Zunar
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/42583

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42583

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