Biodegradation of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) mixed with corn strach by aspergillus niger, rhizopus. oryzae and their biofilm / Nazatul Nabila Mohamad

Mohamad, Nazatul Nabila (2020) Biodegradation of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) mixed with corn strach by aspergillus niger, rhizopus. oryzae and their biofilm / Nazatul Nabila Mohamad. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

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Abstract

Current methods of plastics disposal are limited to dump into land fill, incineration and enzymatic technology. To overcome this, a polyethylene known as Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) mixed with biodegradable materials such as corn starch is extensively studied to replace current LDPE. However, biological factors which involved in the plastics degradation is still under study. Thus, the aim of this research is to look at the potential of fungi biofilm in the degradation of LDPE mixed with corn starch. Two potential biodegradable fungi which are A. niger, R. oryzae and their biofilms were formed and their potential in plastics degradation were evaluated using SEM, FTIR and enzymatic tests. LDPE mixed with corn starch were incubated with A. niger, R. oryzae and their biofilms in triplicates within 7 weeks and their weight loss were recorded before and after the fermentation. The fungi were further analysed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) while the LDPE mixed corn starch samples were analysed with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) before and after fermentation. Based on the weight loss and enzymatic study, their biofilms degradation is 1.87 % higher compared to A. niger and R. oryzae. This is due to the mixed colonies cultivations results in increase enzymatic activities compared to single colony. Meanwhile, the LDPE mixed corn starch without fungi medium fermentation showed low percentage of degradation. In short, the biodegradation of LDPE mixed corn starch is influenced by enzymatic activities. This study would provide greater benefits for the community, government and industries to solve the accumulation of plastics worldwide through cheaper, easier and environmentally friendly manner.

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Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
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Mohamad, Nazatul Nabila
2016718767
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Polymers. Macromolecules
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Polyethylene
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Biology
Item ID: 36998
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspergillus Niger ; Rhizopus. Oryzae ; Biofilms ; LDPE Mixed ; Corn Starch
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36998

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