Stages of artistic development of children from the age of four to twelve years old / Dahlia Mohd Shariff

Mohd Shariff, Dahlia (2005) Stages of artistic development of children from the age of four to twelve years old / Dahlia Mohd Shariff. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


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The importance of visual art had been given little emphasis especially as the child grows
up through formal school and had become secondary to the success of logical subjects
such as languages and mathematics. The child was born with multiple intelligences
which includes visual capabilities. The brain consists left, logical and right, creative
brain hemispheres. Both these need to be exercised for total well-being of the individual.
Training the sensory of sight and coordination of psychomotor should begin from the
formative stages as it requires cultivation, exposure, practice and preseverence. The
practice of creative thinking and psychomotor coordination in visual art lessons result in
character and skill development (such as confidence, creativity, appreciation, initiative,
resourcefulness and communication).
This research was to provide a local based information on the Malaysian children as so
far the information available to art educators for children were based on Western art
educators and their children. This research was to provide a guideline for any art
educator as to the stages of development of the children. Hence, should an educator be
faced with a Malaysian child, he or she would know what the child’s stage of
development was in terms of the artistic abililties especially as this was very much
related to the child’s cognitive development which in turn was dependent on the
development of the brain’s neocortex.
In order to study and obtain the progression of the children’s artistic development as the
grew from four to twelve years old, this research studied the children in three
educational institutions in Kampung Tunku, SS1, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. The quasi
experimental method was employed to compare between the private art studio for
children and the general school system of the Child Enrichment Centre (pre-school, four
to six years old) and the Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Tungku (Standard 1 to Standard
6, seven to twelve years old).
Art tests were employed, three of which were based from established art educators’ tests
and one introduced in this research as a development from the established one.The
observations were made on 260 children’s actual drawings based on their spontaneous
and intuitive responses in four art tests. For further clarification on the outcomes,
interviews with the teachers, parents and children were also carried out to understand
opinions and other related factors.
The outcomes of this research will contribute to the development of the visual art
education in Malaysia in that there will be a record of the stages of artistic development
of local children and provide a method as to how art educators, parents and child
developers may keep record and assess the child’s development through artistic
development. As art can be a means to understand growth and thinking ability, the
artistic stages of development would be reflective of the child’s physical and cognitive


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Mohd Shariff, Dahlia
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Child study > Psychical development. Collections of tests
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Early childhood education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Education and training of teachers and administrators > Professional aspects of teaching and school administrators. Vocational guidance > Secondary school teachers
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) > General works > Miscellaneous genres and media, not limited by time period, style, place, or subject matter > Interactive art
N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) > Study and teaching. Research > Art teacher training, recruiting, etc > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Art and Design
Item ID: 3659
Uncontrolled Keywords: Visual art, child grows, children, stages of development, children’s artistic development


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